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Japanese Sentence with English Translation

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Japanese Sentence

English Translation of Sentence

In dog ethology the leader is called 'alpha'; after that it continues with 'beta' and 'gamma'.
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Vocabulary list

toppu
noun
  1. top
  2. top position
  3. senior management; senior bureaucrat
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
riidaa
noun, no adjective
  1. leader
  2. reader
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
inu
noun
  1. dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris)
  2. snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.)
  3. counterfeit; inferior; useless; wasteful
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
koudougaku
noun
  1. praxiology; ethology
de
particle
  1. indicates location of action; at; in
  2. indicates time of action
  3. indicates means of action; cause of effect; by
  4. and then; so
ha
noun
  1. large fan-shaped object held by an attendant and used to conceal the face of a noble, etc.
ha
noun
  1. edge (of a knife or sword)
ha
noun, noun, used as a suffix
  1. clique; faction; school
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
ha
noun
  1. (in gagaku or noh) middle section of a song
ha
interjection
  1. yes; indeed; well
  2. ha!
  3. what?; huh?
  4. sigh
arufa
arufa
noun
  1. alpha
fa
noun
  1. fa; fah; 4th note in the tonic solfa representation of the diatonic scale
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
  5. promoted pawn (shogi)
yobareru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be called (a name); to be referred to (as)
  2. to be treated to something (e.g. a meal); to be invited to
ika
ige
noun
  1. not exceeding; and downward; ... and below
  2. below (e.g. standard); under (e.g. a level)
  3. the below-mentioned; the following; the rest
ka
suffix
  1. under (being in said condition or environment)
ge
noun
  1. lowness (of degree, value, etc.); inferiority
  2. second volume (of two); third volume (of three)
shita
noun
  1. below; down; under
  2. bottom
  3. beneath; underneath
  4. just after; right after
  5. inferiority; one's inferior (i.e. one's junior); younger (e.g. of siblings)
  6. trade-in
  7. preliminary; preparatory
shimo
noun
  1. lower reaches (of a river)
  2. bottom; lower part
  3. lower half (of the body, esp. the privates); feces (faeces); urine; menses
  4. end; far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
  5. dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
moto
adverb
  1. under (esp. influence or guidance)
beeta
beeta
noun
  1. beta
noun
  1. long vowel mark (usually only used in katakana)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
  5. promoted pawn (shogi)
tsuduku
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to continue; to last; to go on
  2. to be unbroken
  3. to occur again and again
  4. to lead to; to connect to

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