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The boy pretended he could read, but he was holding the book upside down.
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Vocabulary list

sono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. that; the (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener)
  2. part (as in "part two") (preceding a number)
interjection
  1. um ...; er ...; uh ...
shounen
noun
  1. boy; juvenile; young boy; youth; lad
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
hon
noun
  1. book; volume; script
prefix
  1. this; present
  2. main; head
  3. real; regular
suffix, counter
  1. counter for long cylindrical things; counter for films, TV shows, etc.; counter for goals, home runs, etc.; counter for telephone calls (sometimes pronounced ぼん or ぽん)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
yomu

Potential Plain Present Indicative Form

yomeru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to read
  2. to count (now mostly used in idioms)
  3. to guess; to predict; to read (someone's thoughts); to see (e.g. into someone's heart); to divine
furiwosuru

Plain Past Indicative Form

furiwoshita
expression, suru verb (irregular)
  1. to pretend
furi
noun, counter
  1. swing; shake; wave; swinging
noun
  1. appearance; behaviour
  2. pretence (pretense); show; pretending (to) (oft. after a noun+の or verb in the dictionary form)
noun, no adjective
  1. going to restaurant, hotel etc. without a reservation or introduction
noun
  1. move (dance); postures
  2. lead in (e.g. to a running joke, asking a question); lead up (oft. as フリ)
  3. unsewn part of a hanging sleeve on a traditional Japanese woman's garment
suffix, counter
  1. counter for swords, blades, etc.
noun
  1. not wearing underwear or pants
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
suru

Plain Past Indicative Form

shita
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do; to carry out; to perform
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as (as 〜にする,〜とする)
  6. to decide on; to choose (as 〜にする)
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) (as 〜がする)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suru verb (irregular), transitive verb
  1. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B (as AをBにする)
  2. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B (as AをBにする)
  3. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B (as AをBにする)
  4. to feel A about B (as AをBにする)
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to (as 〜うとする,〜ようとする)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
hon
noun
  1. book; volume; script
prefix
  1. this; present
  2. main; head
  3. real; regular
suffix, counter
  1. counter for long cylindrical things; counter for films, TV shows, etc.; counter for goals, home runs, etc.; counter for telephone calls (sometimes pronounced ぼん or ぽん)
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
sa
adverb
  1. so; like that; in that way
ka
particle
  1. yes?; no?; isn't it?; is it? (used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical))
  2. or; whether or not (after each alternative)
  3. some- (e.g. something, someone) (after an interrogative)
  4. hmm; huh (indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles)
prefix
  1. very (emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective)
suffix
  1. -al; -ial; -ic; -ical; -ish; -y (suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word)
adverb
  1. in that way
sama
sama
sama
suffix
  1. Mr.; Mrs.; Miss; Ms. (after a person's name (or position, etc.))
  2. makes a word more polite (usu. in fixed expressions) (usu. after a noun or na-adjective prefixed with お- or ご-)
noun
  1. state; situation; appearance; manner
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
motsu

te-form

motte
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to hold (in one's hand); to take; to carry
  2. to possess; to have; to own
  3. to maintain; to keep
  4. to last; to be durable; to keep; to survive
  5. to take charge of; to be in charge of
  6. to hold (meeting, etc.); to have (opportunity, etc.)
motsu

te-form

motte
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to keep; to preserve; to hold; to retain; to maintain; to sustain
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to last; to endure; to keep well (food); to wear well; to be durable
iru

Plain Past Indicative Form

ita
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)

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