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But in many ways, the bird called Alex is unusual, for it has shown the kind of mental abilities that scientists once thought only humans had.
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Vocabulary list

shikashi
conjunction
  1. however; but
ooku
noun, adverb, no adjective
  1. many; much; plenty; a lot
noun
  1. majority (of); greater part (of)
adverb
  1. mostly; mainly; chiefly; usually; often
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ten
noun
  1. dot; spot; point; speck; mark
  2. mark (in an exam, etc.); grade; score; points
  3. point (in a game); score; goal; run
  4. point (in geometry)
  5. point; aspect; matter; detail; part; respect; way; viewpoint
  6. (punctuation) mark (e.g. comma, period, decimal point); dot
  7. "dot" stroke (in a Chinese character)
counter
  1. counter for points, marks, goals, etc.
  2. counter for goods, items, articles of clothing, works of art, etc.
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
mezurashii
i adjective
  1. unusual; rare; curious
  2. new; novel
  3. fine (e.g. gift)
tori
noun
  1. bird
  2. bird meat (esp. chicken meat); fowl; poultry
dearu
copula, godan verb (irregular)
  1. be; is
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist; to live (usu. of inanimate objects)
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about
toiunoha
expression, conjunction
  1. because ...; for ...; the reason being ...
  2. as for ...; when it comes to ...; regarding ...; how about ...
toiu
expression
  1. called; named; that says; that
  2. as many as; as much as (after a quantity)
  3. all ...; every single ... (as ...という...)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
kare
pronoun
  1. he; him
noun
  1. boyfriend
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
katsute
adverb, no adjective
  1. once; before; formerly; ever; former; ex-
  2. never yet; never before; first time; still not happened (used with neg. verb)
kagakusha
noun
  1. scientist
kagaku
noun
  1. science
sha
suffix
  1. person; -er
noun
  1. expert; geisha; prostitute
tachi
suffix
  1. pluralizing suffix (esp. for people and animals; formerly honorific)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
ningen
noun
  1. human being; human; person; man; mankind; humankind
  2. character (of a person)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
shikanai
expression, i adjective (negative)
  1. have no choice
  2. there is nothing but
  3. no more than
shika
particle
  1. only; nothing but (used with neg. verb)
naito
expression
  1. have to (verb); must (verb) (after negative base of verb)
  2. is indispensable; absolutely necessary
nai
i adjective (negative)
  1. nonexistent; not being (there)
  2. unowned; not had; unpossessed
  3. unique
  4. not; impossible; won't happen (as ...ことがない, etc.; indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility)
auxiliary adjective
  1. not (after the ren'youkei form of an adjective)
  2. to not be; to have not (after the -te form of a verb)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
particle
  1. with
  2. used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn
particle
  1. indicates a question (at sentence end)
omou

te-form

omotte
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to think; to consider; to believe; to reckon (想う has connotations of heart-felt)
  2. to think (of doing); to plan (to do)
  3. to judge; to assess; to regard
  4. to imagine; to suppose; to dream
  5. to expect; to look forward to
  6. to feel; to be (in a state of mind); to desire; to want
  7. to recall; to remember
iru

Plain Past Indicative Form

ita
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
tane
noun
  1. seed (e.g. of a plant); pip; kind; variety; quality; tone
  2. material (e.g. for an article); matter (e.g. of a story); subject; theme; (news) copy
  3. ingredient; leaven (bread); main ingredient of a sushi
  4. cause; source
  5. trick; secret; magician's trick; inside story
  6. paternal blood; lineage
  7. breed (of a stock); sperm; semen
  8. 10-point card (in hanafuda); tane; animal card (oft. as タネ)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
chitekinouryoku
noun
  1. one's intellectual powers; one's mental faculties
chiteki
na adjective
  1. intellectual
nouryoku
noun
  1. ability; faculty
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
shimesu

te-form

shimeshite
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to (take out and) show; to demonstrate; to tell; to exemplify; to make apparent
  2. to point out (finger, clock hand, needle, etc.)
  3. to indicate; to show; to represent; to signify; to display
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
dearu
copula, godan verb (irregular)
  1. be; is
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist; to live (usu. of inanimate objects)
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about

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