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Furigana Show|Add to ▼ Source Totoeba Project
How is it that otherwise reasonable people come to believe that this same roof, that practically vanishing commodity, is freely obtainable just by packing up and going to another country?
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Vocabulary list

ta
adverb, noun, no adjective
  1. other (esp. people and abstract matters)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ten
noun
  1. dot; spot; point; speck; mark
  2. mark (in an exam, etc.); grade; score; points
  3. point (in a game); score; goal; run
  4. point (in geometry)
  5. point; aspect; matter; detail; part; respect; way; viewpoint
  6. (punctuation) mark (e.g. comma, period, decimal point); dot
  7. "dot" stroke (in a Chinese character)
counter
  1. counter for points, marks, goals, etc.
  2. counter for goods, items, articles of clothing, works of art, etc.
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
funbetsu
noun, suru verb
  1. discretion; prudence; good sense; judgement; judgment; wisdom; discernment
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
aruhito
noun, expression
  1. someone (unspecified, but someone in particular); a certain person
aru
pre-noun adjectival
  1. a certain ...; some ...
hito
noun
  1. man; person
  2. human being; mankind; people
  3. human (Homo sapiens); humans as a species
  4. character; personality
  5. man of talent; true man
  6. another person; other people; others
  7. adult
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
kono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
  2. last (couple of years, etc.); these; past; this (in ref. to a stretch of time or date)
  3. you (as in "you liar") (emphatic, accusatory, insulting)
onaji
noun or verb acting prenominally, noun
  1. same; identical; equal; uniform; equivalent; similar; common (origin); changeless; alike
adverb
  1. anyway; anyhow; in either case (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional)
ano
pre-noun adjectival
  1. that; those; the (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
hotondo
noun, adverb
  1. mostly; nearly; practically; well-nigh; almost invariably; all but; just about; almost
gensou
noun
  1. fantasy; illusion; vision; dream
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
naru

masu stem

nari
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  2. to result in; to prove to be
  3. to consist of; to be composed of
  4. to succeed; to be complete
  5. to change into; to be exchanged for
  6. to play a role
  7. to be promoted
godan verb
  1. to do ... (as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.)
tsutsuaru
suffix, godan verb (irregular)
  1. to be doing; to be in the process of doing (with -masu stem)
Suffix after the masu stem of a verb
tsutsu
particle
  1. while (after the -masu stem of a verb)
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist; to live (usu. of inanimate objects)
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about
shouhin
noun
  1. commodity; article of commerce; goods; stock; merchandise
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
nidukuri
noun, suru verb
  1. packing; baling; crating
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
suru

te-form

shite
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do; to carry out; to perform
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as (as 〜にする,〜とする)
  6. to decide on; to choose (as 〜にする)
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) (as 〜がする)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suru verb (irregular), transitive verb
  1. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B (as AをBにする)
  2. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B (as AをBにする)
  3. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B (as AをBにする)
  4. to feel A about B (as AをBにする)
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to (as 〜うとする,〜ようとする)
betsu
noun
  1. distinction; difference; discrimination
no adjective, na adjective, noun
  1. separate; different; another; extra
noun
  1. exception; exclusion (oft. as 別として)
noun, used as a suffix
  1. classified by; ranked by; according to
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
kuni
noun
  1. country; state
  2. region
  3. national government; central government
  4. home (i.e. hometown, home country)
  5. province (of Japan)
  6. land; earth
he
particle
  1. to; towards; for (indicates direction or goal; pronounced え in modern Japanese)
iku
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go; to move (in a direction or towards a specific location); to head (towards); to be transported (towards); to reach
  2. to proceed; to take place (い sometimes omitted in auxiliary use)
  3. to pass through; to come and go
  4. to walk
  5. to die; to pass away
  6. to do (in a specific way)
  7. to stream; to flow
godan verb (iku/yuku), auxiliary verb
  1. to continue (after the -te form of a verb)
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to have an orgasm; to come; to cum
  2. to trip; to get high; to have a drug-induced hallucination
dake
particle
  1. only; just; merely; simply; no more than; nothing but; alone
  2. as much as; to the extent of; enough to
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
jiyuuni
adverb
  1. freely; at liberty; at will; as one likes
jiyuu
noun, na adjective
  1. freedom; liberty
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
tenihairu
expression, godan verb
  1. to obtain; to come into possession of; to get hold of; to get one's hands on
te
noun
  1. hand; arm (occ. pronounced た when a prefix)
  2. forepaw; foreleg
  3. handle
  4. hand; worker; help
  5. trouble; care; effort
  6. means; way; trick; move; technique; workmanship
  7. hand; handwriting
  8. kind; type; sort
  9. one's hands; one's possession
  10. ability to cope
  11. hand (of cards)
  12. direction
noun, noun, used as a suffix, counter
  1. move (in go, shogi, etc.)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
hairu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to enter; to go into
  2. to break into
  3. to join; to enroll
  4. to contain; to hold; to accommodate
  5. to have (an income of)
  6. to get turned on; to start functioning; to start working
  7. to get; to obtain; to receive; to score
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
particle
  1. with
  2. used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn
particle
  1. indicates a question (at sentence end)
shinjiru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to believe; to believe in; to place trust in; to confide in; to have faith in
youninaru
expression, godan verb
  1. to reach the point that; to come to be that; to turn into
youni
expression
  1. in order to (e.g. meet goal); so that; take care (so as)
  2. hoping or wishing for something
you
noun, used as a suffix, noun
  1. appearing ...; looking ... (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb)
  2. way to ...; method of ...ing (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb)
  3. form; style; design (usu. after a noun)
  4. like; similar to (usu. after a noun)
noun
  1. thing (thought or spoken)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
naru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  2. to result in; to prove to be
  3. to consist of; to be composed of
  4. to succeed; to be complete
  5. to change into; to be exchanged for
  6. to play a role
  7. to be promoted
godan verb
  1. to do ... (as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
doushite
adverb
  1. how; in what way; by what means
  2. why; for what reason; for what purpose; what for
  3. cannot possibly
interjection
  1. no way (often as どうして、どうして)
nano
expression
  1. that's the way it is; yes (at sentence-end with falling intonation; used to make an assertion)
  2. is that so?; is it? (at sentence-end with rising intonation)
na
particle
  1. don't (prohibitive; used with dictionary form verb)
  2. do (imperative (from なさい); used with -masu stem of verb)
interjection
  1. hey; listen; you
particle
  1. now, ...; well, ...; I tell you!; you know (when seeking confirmation, for emphasis, etc.; used at sentence end)
  2. wow; ooh (used to express admiration, emotionality, etc.; used at sentence end)
noka
particle
  1. endorsing and questioning the preceding statement (sentence ending particle)
  2. lamenting reflections on the preceding statement (sentence ending particle)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ka
particle
  1. yes?; no?; isn't it?; is it? (used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical))
  2. or; whether or not (after each alternative)
  3. some- (e.g. something, someone) (after an interrogative)
  4. hmm; huh (indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles)
prefix
  1. very (emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective)
suffix
  1. -al; -ial; -ic; -ical; -ish; -y (suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word)
adverb
  1. in that way
toiu
expression
  1. called; named; that says; that
  2. as many as; as much as (after a quantity)
  3. all ...; every single ... (as ...という...)
koto
noun
  1. thing; matter
  2. incident; occurrence; event; something serious; trouble; crisis
  3. circumstances; situation; state of affairs
  4. work; business; affair
  5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
noun, used as a suffix
  1. nominalizing suffix
  2. pretending to ...; playing make-believe ...
noun
  1. alias; also known as; otherwise known as; or (as AことB (A = alias, B = real name))
  2. necessity; need (as 〜ことはない)
  3. you should ...; I advise that you ...; it's important to ... (as 〜ことだ)
dearu
copula, godan verb (irregular)
  1. be; is
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist; to live (usu. of inanimate objects)
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about

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