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Furigana Show|Add to ▼ Source Totoeba Project
A study reports that 53,000 Americans die each year as a result of secondhand smoke.
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Vocabulary list

aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist; to live (usu. of inanimate objects)
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about
aru
pre-noun adjectival
  1. a certain ...; some ...
kenkyuu
noun, suru verb
  1. study; research; investigation
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
houkoku
noun, suru verb
  1. report; information
niyoru

Provisional Present Indicative Form

niyoreba
expression, godan verb
  1. by means of; due to; because of; according to
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
yoru

Provisional Present Indicative Form

yoreba
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be due to; to be caused by (esp. 依る;拠る)
  2. to depend on; to turn on (esp. 依る)
  3. to be based on; to come from (esp. 因る;由る)
  4. to be based at (a location, an organization); to be headquartered at (esp. 拠る)
kansetsukitsuen
noun
  1. passive smoking; secondhand smoke
kansetsu
noun, no adjective
  1. indirection; indirectness
kitsuen
noun, suru verb
  1. smoking
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
kekka
noun, suru verb
  1. result; consequence; outcome; effect
  2. coming to fruition; bearing fruit
noun, adverb
  1. as a result; consequently; therefore
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
amerikajin
noun
  1. American person
amerika
noun
  1. America
  2. United States of America
jin
suffix
  1. -ian (e.g. Italian); -ite (e.g. Tokyoite) (indicates nationality, race, origin, etc.)
  2. -er (e.g. performer, etc.); person working with ... (indicates expertise (in a certain field))
  3. man; person; people (usu. in compound words)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
maitoshi
adverb, noun
  1. every year; yearly; annually
shibou
noun, no adjective
  1. death; mortality
suru verb
  1. to die; to pass away
suru

te-form

shite
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do; to carry out; to perform
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as (as 〜にする,〜とする)
  6. to decide on; to choose (as 〜にする)
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) (as 〜がする)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suru verb (irregular), transitive verb
  1. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B (as AをBにする)
  2. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B (as AをBにする)
  3. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B (as AをBにする)
  4. to feel A about B (as AをBにする)
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to (as 〜うとする,〜ようとする)
iru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be needed; to be wanted
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to calm down (usu. as 腹がいる)
Suffix after the dictionary form of a verb
souda
expression
  1. people say that; it is said that; I hear that (after plain form of a verb or adjective)
sou
adverb
  1. in that way; thus; such (concerning the actions of the listener or concerning the ideas expressed or understood by the listener; with a neg. sentence, implies that something isn't as much as one might think)
interjection
  1. so (used to express agreement with something said)
  2. so? (used to express doubt with something said)
da
copula
  1. be; is (plain copula)
auxiliary verb
  1. did; (have) done (た after certain verb forms; indicates past or completed action)
  2. please; do (indicates light imperative)

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