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Vocabulary list

moshi
adverb
  1. if; in case; supposing
anata
pronoun
  1. you (trad. polite in ref. to someone of equal or lower status, now oft. regarded as rude or distant)
  2. dear; honey (used by wives addressing their husbands)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
kono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
  2. last (couple of years, etc.); these; past; this (in ref. to a stretch of time or date)
  3. you (as in "you liar") (emphatic, accusatory, insulting)
shitsumon
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. question; inquiry; enquiry
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
kotae
noun
  1. answer; reply; response; solution
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
shiru

te-form

shitte
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to be aware of; to know; to be conscious of; to cognize; to cognise
  2. to notice; to feel
  3. to understand; to comprehend; to grasp
  4. to remember; to be acquainted with (a procedure)
  5. to experience; to go through; to learn
  6. to be acquainted with (a person); to get to know
  7. to concern
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
nara
auxiliary
  1. if; in case; if it is the case that; if it is true that (hypothetical form of the copula だ, from なり and sometimes classed as a particle)
  2. as for; on the topic of
conjunction
  1. if that's the case; if so; that being the case
  2. if possible; if circumstances allow
oshieru

te-form

oshiete
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to teach; to instruct
  2. to tell; to inform
  3. to preach
kudasai
expression
  1. please (give me)
  2. please (do for me) (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-)

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