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Japanese Sentence with English Translation

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Tom said, "budge over," forced his way in and sat down.
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Vocabulary list

  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis


ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to stuff into; to jam; to cram; to pack; to fill; to plug; to stop up
ichidan verb, transitive verb, intransitive verb
  1. to shorten; to move closer together
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to reduce (spending); to conserve
ichidan verb, transitive verb, intransitive verb
  1. to focus intently on; to strain oneself to do (usu. as 根を詰める)
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to go through thoroughly; to work out (details); to bring to a conclusion; to wind up
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be on duty; to be stationed
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to corner (esp. an opponent's king in shogi); to trap; to checkmate
  2. to cut off (one's finger as an act of apology); to catch (one's finger in a door, etc.) (the meaning "to catch one's finger" is predominantly used in Kansai)
auxiliary verb, ichidan verb
  1. to do non-stop; to do continuously; to keep doing (without a break)
  2. to do completely; to do thoroughly
  3. to force someone into a difficult situation by ...
Suffix after the te form of a verb

Imperative Plain Present Indicative Form

auxiliary verb, ichidan verb
  1. to do for one; to take the trouble to do (after the -te form of a verb)
  2. to do to someone's disadvantage (after the -te form of a verb)
  1. however; because; as
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  1. with
  2. used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.)
  1. promoted pawn
  1. indicates a question (at sentence end)


godan verb
  1. to say; to utter; to declare
  2. to name; to call
  3. to go (e.g. "the alarm went ping"); to make a noise
na adjective, noun
  1. overbearing; coercive; pushy; forcible; high-handed
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although


godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to cut into (a line, conversation, etc.); to force oneself into (e.g. a crowd); to wedge oneself into; to squeeze oneself into; to intrude on; to interrupt
  2. to fall below (of stock prices, sales, etc.); to drop below

Plain Past Indicative Form

godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to sit; to squat
  2. to assume (a position)
  3. to hold steady; to hold still (esp. 据わる, 据る)

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