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Furigana Show|Add to ▼ Source Totoeba Project
In China, there is a large number of characters, so the goal of the character simplification was to replace the complex traditional characters with easy to remember simplified characters and increase the literacy rate.
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Vocabulary list

chuugoku
noun
  1. China
  2. Chūgoku region of western Honshu (incl. Okayama, Hiroshima, Shimane, Tottori and Yamaguchi prefectures)
  3. central part of a country; main region
  4. province of the second lowest rank (ritsuryo system)
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
kanji
noun
  1. kanji; Chinese characters
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
jisuu
noun
  1. number of characters or letters
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
ooi
i adjective
  1. many; numerous; a lot
  2. large amount of; large quantity of; a lot; much
  3. frequent; common
kara
particle
  1. from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity); since
  2. from (originator); by
  3. because; since (follows verbs, adjectives)
  4. out of (constituent, part)
  5. through (e.g. window, vestibule)
  6. after; since (following the te-form of a verb)
  7. expresses sympathy or warning
fukuzatsu
na adjective, noun
  1. complex; complicated; intricate; mixed (feelings)
na
particle
  1. don't (prohibitive; used with dictionary form verb)
  2. do (imperative (from なさい); used with -masu stem of verb)
interjection
  1. hey; listen; you
particle
  1. now, ...; well, ...; I tell you!; you know (when seeking confirmation, for emphasis, etc.; used at sentence end)
  2. wow; ooh (used to express admiration, emotionality, etc.; used at sentence end)
tai
noun, noun, used as a suffix
  1. body; physique; posture
  2. shape; form; style
  3. substance; identity; reality
  4. field
counter
  1. counter for humanoid forms (e.g. dolls, statues, corpses, etc.)
noun, noun, used as a suffix
  1. typeface; type
ji
noun
  1. character (esp. kanji); letter; written text
  2. handwriting; penmanship
  3. the ... word (e.g. "the L word" = "love") (as 〜の字)
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
yameru

te-form

yamete
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to stop (an activity); to cease; to discontinue; to end; to quit
  2. to cancel; to abandon; to give up; to abolish; to abstain; to refrain
oboeyasui
i adjective
  1. easy to learn
oboeru

masu stem

oboe
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to memorize; to memorise; to commit to memory; to learn by heart; to bear in mind; to remember
  2. to learn; to pick up; to acquire
  3. to feel
  4. to think; to regard
yasui
i adjective
  1. easy
suffix, i adjective
  1. likely to ...; have a tendency to ... (after -masu stem of verb)
  2. easy to ... (after -masu stem of verb)
ji
noun
  1. character (esp. kanji); letter; written text
  2. handwriting; penmanship
  3. the ... word (e.g. "the L word" = "love") (as 〜の字)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
okikaeru

masu stem

okikae
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to replace; to move; to change the position of
shikijiritsu
noun
  1. literacy rate
shikiji
noun
  1. literacy
ritsu
noun, noun, used as a suffix
  1. rate; ratio; proportion; percentage
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
takameru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to raise; to lift; to boost; to enhance
koto
noun
  1. thing; matter
  2. incident; occurrence; event; something serious; trouble; crisis
  3. circumstances; situation; state of affairs
  4. work; business; affair
  5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
noun, used as a suffix
  1. nominalizing suffix
  2. pretending to ...; playing make-believe ...
noun
  1. alias; also known as; otherwise known as; or (as AことB (A = alias, B = real name))
  2. necessity; need (as 〜ことはない)
  3. you should ...; I advise that you ...; it's important to ... (as 〜ことだ)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
ji
noun
  1. character (esp. kanji); letter; written text
  2. handwriting; penmanship
  3. the ... word (e.g. "the L word" = "love") (as 〜の字)
suishin
noun, suru verb
  1. propulsion; drive
  2. promotion (e.g. of a government policy); furtherance; implementation
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
mokuteki
noun
  1. purpose; goal; aim; objective; intention
da

Polite Past Indicative Form

deshita
copula
  1. be; is (plain copula)
auxiliary verb
  1. did; (have) done (た after certain verb forms; indicates past or completed action)
  2. please; do (indicates light imperative)

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