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Japanese Sentence with English Translation

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Japanese Sentence

English Translation of Sentence

Children below the age of 8 have an underdeveloped frontal lobe that might cause them to be unable to separate reality from fantasy. Some of them might believe that there are monsters in their closet or under the bed for example. They are also sometimes unable to distinguish dreams from reality.
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Vocabulary list

toshi
adverbial noun, noun
  1. year
  2. age
miman
noun, used as a suffix
  1. less than; insufficient
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kodomo
noun
  1. child; children
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
zentouyou
noun
  1. frontal lobe
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
hattatsu
noun, suru verb
  1. development; growth
shikiru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to partition; to divide; to mark off; to itemize
  2. to direct; to take control; to manage; to take responsibility
  3. to settle accounts
  4. to toe the mark
shikiru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to repeat over and over again
ora
noun
  1. first person pronoun (usually male)
zu
noun
  1. head
  2. mind; brain; intellect
  3. top
  4. hair (on one's head)
  5. bangs; fringe
  6. top structural component of a kanji
zu
noun, noun, used as a suffix
  1. figure (e.g. Fig 1); drawing; picture; illustration
zu
noun
  1. imprisonment (for one to three years)
sonotame
noun
  1. hence; for that reason
genjitsu
noun
  1. reality
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
  5. promoted pawn (shogi)
kuusou
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. daydream; fantasy; fancy; vision
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kubetsu
noun, suru verb
  1. distinction; differentiation; classification
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
duke
noun, used as a suffix
  1. dated (e.g. a letter); date of effect (e.g. a rule change)
ka
particle
  1. indicates question (sentence end)
  2. indicates choice, doubt, etc.
nakunaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to die
nakunaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to disappear; to get lost
baai
adverbial noun, noun
  1. case; situation
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
aru
pre-noun adjectival
  1. a certain ...; some ...
ichibu
adverbial noun, noun
  1. one part; one portion; one section; some
  2. one copy (e.g. of a document)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kodomo
noun
  1. child; children
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
tatoeba
adverb
  1. for example; e.g.
youfuku
noun
  1. Western-style clothes (cf traditional Japanese clothes)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
uchi
noun, no adjective
  1. inside; within
  2. while
  3. among; amongst; between
  4. we (referring to one's in-group, i.e. company, etc.); our
  5. my spouse
  6. imperial palace grounds
  7. emperor
  8. I (primarily used by women and children); me
chuu
suffix
  1. medium; average; middle
  2. moderation
  3. middle school
  4. China
  5. in; out of (e.g. three out of ten people)
  6. during (a certain time when one did or is doing something); under (construction, etc.); while
ya
particle
  1. such things as (non-exhaustive list related to a specific time and place); and ... and
  2. (after the dictionary form of a verb) the minute (that) ...; no sooner than ...
  3. punctuational exclamation in haiku, renga, etc.
  4. plain copula
nomotoni
expression
  1. under the supervision of
  2. underneath
  3. on the basis of
bakemono
bakemon
noun
  1. goblin; apparition; monster; ghost; phantom; spectre; specter
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
  3. (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
  5. promoted pawn (shogi)
shinjiru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to believe; to believe in; to place trust in; to confide in; to have faith in
kotogaaru
expression
  1. (something) has occurred; there are times when; to have done (something); such a thing happened; (something) happens on occasions
kamoshirenai
expression
  1. may; might; perhaps; may be; possibly
arera
noun, no adjective
  1. those (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener, or something understood without naming it directly)
  2. they (of people) (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors)
karera
pronoun, no adjective
  1. they (usually male); them
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
ichibu
adverbial noun, noun
  1. one part; one portion; one section; some
  2. one copy (e.g. of a document)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
mata
adverb, conjunction, prefix
  1. again; and; also; still (doing something)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
  5. promoted pawn (shogi)
genjitsu
noun
  1. reality
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kubetsu
noun, suru verb
  1. distinction; differentiation; classification
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
suru
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as
  6. to decide on; to choose
  7. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)
  8. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  9. to be worth; to cost
  10. to pass (of time); to elapse
  11. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
  12. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  13. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to
mo
particle
  1. also; too; words of similar weight
  2. about (emphasizing an upper limit); as much as; even
  3. more; further; other; again
aru
pre-noun adjectival
  1. a certain ...; some ...

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