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Japanese Sentence with English Translation

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Japanese Sentence

English Translation of Sentence

Children below the age of 8 have an underdeveloped frontal lobe that might cause them to be unable to separate reality from fantasy. Some of them might believe that there are monsters in their closet or under the bed for example. They are also sometimes unable to distinguish dreams from reality.
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Vocabulary list

no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kodomo
noun
  1. child; children
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
zentouyou
noun
  1. frontal lobe
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
particle, conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
hattatsu
noun, suru verb
  1. development; growth
suru
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as
  6. to decide on; to choose
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to
kiru
suffix, godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to cut (usu. to cut through)
  2. to sever (connections, ties)
  3. to turn off (i.e. the light)
  4. to terminate (i.e. a conversation); to hang up (the phone); to disconnect
  5. to punch (a ticket); to tear off (a stub)
  6. to open (something sealed)
  7. to start
  8. to set (a limit)
  9. to reduce; to decrease; to discount
  10. to shake off (water, etc.); to let drip-dry (or drain)
  11. to cross
  12. to do (something noticeable)
  13. to turn (a vehicle)
  14. to cut (the ball)
  15. to shuffle (cards)
  16. to trump
  17. (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone)
suffix
  1. (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish; to complete
sonotame
noun
  1. hence; for that reason
sono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener); the
interjection
  1. um...; er...; uh...
tame
noun
  1. good; advantage; benefit; welfare
  2. sake; purpose; objective; aim
  3. consequence; result; effect
  4. affecting; regarding; concerning
genjitsu
noun
  1. reality
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn (shogi)
kuusou
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. daydream; fantasy; fancy; vision
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kubetsu
noun, suru verb
  1. distinction; differentiation; classification
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
particle, conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
naru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  2. to result in; to prove to be
  3. to consist of; to be composed of
  4. to succeed; to be complete
  5. to change into; to be exchanged for
  6. to play a role
  7. to be promoted (shogi)
baai
adverbial noun, noun
  1. case; situation
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
particle, conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be (usu. of inanimate objects); to exist; to live
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about
ichibu
adverbial noun, noun
  1. one part; one portion; one section; some
  2. one copy (e.g. of a document)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kodomo
noun
  1. child; children
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
tatoeba
adverb
  1. for example; e.g.
youfuku
noun
  1. Western-style clothes (cf traditional Japanese clothes)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
naka
noun
  1. inside; in
  2. among; within
  3. center (centre); middle
  4. during; while
ya
particle
  1. such things as (non-exhaustive list related to a specific time and place); and ... and
  2. (after the dictionary form of a verb) the minute (that) ...; no sooner than ...
interjection
  1. punctuational exclamation in haiku, renga, etc.
auxiliary
  1. plain copula
nomotoni
expression
  1. under the supervision of
  2. underneath
  3. on the basis of
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
shimoni
adverb
  1. down; below; downward
shimo
noun
  1. lower reaches (of a river)
  2. bottom; lower part
  3. lower half (of the body, esp. the privates); feces (faeces); urine; menses
  4. end; far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
no adjective
  1. dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
ni
particle
  1. indicates such things as location of person or thing, location of short-term action, etc.
bakemono
noun
  1. goblin; apparition; monster; ghost; phantom; spectre; specter
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
particle, conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn (shogi)
shinjiru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to believe; to believe in; to place trust in; to confide in; to have faith in
kotogaaru
expression
  1. (something) has occurred; there are times when; to have done (something); such a thing happened; (something) happens on occasions
koto
noun
  1. thing; matter; fact; circumstances; business; reason; experience
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
particle, conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be (usu. of inanimate objects); to exist; to live
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about
kamoshirenai
expression
  1. may; might; perhaps; may be; possibly
kamo
particle
  1. may; might; perhaps; may be; possibly
shiru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to know; to understand; to be acquainted with; to feel
karera
pronoun, no adjective
  1. they (usually male); them
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
ichibu
adverbial noun, noun
  1. one part; one portion; one section; some
  2. one copy (e.g. of a document)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
mata
adverb, conjunction, prefix
  1. again; and; also; still (doing something)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
  3. with
  4. particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn (shogi)
genjitsu
noun
  1. reality
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kubetsu
noun, suru verb
  1. distinction; differentiation; classification
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
particle, conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
dekiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be able (in a position) to do; to be up to the task
  2. to be ready; to be completed
  3. to be made; to be built
  4. to be good at; to be permitted (to do)
  5. to become intimate; to take up (with somebody)
  6. to grow; to be raised
koto
noun
  1. thing; matter; fact; circumstances; business; reason; experience
mo
particle
  1. also; too; words of similar weight
  2. about (emphasizing an upper limit); as much as; even
adverb
  1. more; further; other; again
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be (usu. of inanimate objects); to exist; to live
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about

This site uses the EDICT and KANJIDIC dictionary files. These files are the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and are used in conformance with the Group's licence.