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They studied it a little bit, but they couldn't spend all day finding out what to do, so they finally picked up the other one, and the water went out again, all over the floor.
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Vocabulary list

karera
pronoun
  1. they; them (usu. in ref. to males or a mixed-sex group)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
sukoshi
adverb, noun
  1. small quantity; little; few; something
  2. little while
  3. short distance
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ma
noun
  1. time; pause
  2. space
  3. room
doushitamonoka
expression
  1. what is to be done?; what should (I) do?; what (am I) to do?
doushita
pre-noun adjectival
  1. somehow; how; in what way; why; what kind of
dou
adverb
  1. how; in what way; how about
suru

Plain Past Indicative Form

shita
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do; to carry out; to perform
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as (as 〜にする,〜とする)
  6. to decide on; to choose (as 〜にする)
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) (as 〜がする)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suru verb (irregular), transitive verb
  1. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B (as AをBにする)
  2. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B (as AをBにする)
  3. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B (as AをBにする)
  4. to feel A about B (as AをBにする)
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to (as 〜うとする,〜ようとする)
monoka
particle
  1. as if (something untrue were actually true); like hell (e.g. "like hell I will")
mono
noun
  1. thing; object; article; stuff; substance
  2. one's things; possessions; property; belongings (as 〜のもの, 〜のもん)
  3. things; something; anything; everything; nothing
  4. quality
  5. reason; the way of things
  6. used to emphasize emotion, judgment, etc.; used to indicate a common occurrence in the past (after a verb in past tense); used to indicate a general tendency; used to indicate something that should happen (formal noun often used as 〜ものだ)
noun, used as a suffix
  1. item classified as ...; item related to ...; work in the genre of ...
  2. cause of ...; cause for ...
prefix
  1. somehow; somewhat; for some reason
  2. really; truly
ka
particle
  1. yes?; no?; isn't it?; is it? (used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical))
  2. or; whether or not (after each alternative)
  3. some- (e.g. something, someone) (after an interrogative)
  4. hmm; huh (indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles)
prefix
  1. very (emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective)
suffix
  1. -al; -ial; -ic; -ical; -ish; -y (suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word)
adverb
  1. in that way
kangaeru

te-form

kangaete
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to think (about, of); to think over; to ponder; to contemplate; to reflect (on); to meditate (on)
  2. to consider; to bear in mind; to allow for; to take into consideration
  3. to think (that); to believe; to hold (a view); to judge; to conclude; to suspect
  4. to intend (to do); to think of (doing); to plan
  5. to predict; to anticipate; to expect; to imagine
  6. to come up with; to think up; to contrive; to devise
  7. to consider (as); to regard (as); to look on (as); to take; to view
iru

Plain Past Indicative Form

ita
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
kedo
conjunction, particle
  1. but; however; although
doushitaraii
expression, i adjective (yoi/ii)
  1. what's the best thing to do?
doushitara
expression
  1. how can (one) do something
dou
adverb
  1. how; in what way; how about
suru

Conditional Present Indicative Form

shitara
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do; to carry out; to perform
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as (as 〜にする,〜とする)
  6. to decide on; to choose (as 〜にする)
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) (as 〜がする)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suru verb (irregular), transitive verb
  1. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B (as AをBにする)
  2. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B (as AをBにする)
  3. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B (as AをBにする)
  4. to feel A about B (as AをBにする)
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to (as 〜うとする,〜ようとする)
iika
interjection
  1. listen! (used to get someone's attention)
expression
  1. you see; mind you; remember
ii
i adjective (yoi/ii)
  1. good; excellent; fine; nice; pleasant; agreeable (also written 良い, 好い and 善い)
  2. sufficient; enough; ready; prepared
  3. profitable (deal, business offer, etc.); beneficial
  4. OK; all right; fine; no problem (as て(も)いい, と(も)いい, etc.; indicates permission or compromise)
ka
particle
  1. yes?; no?; isn't it?; is it? (used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical))
  2. or; whether or not (after each alternative)
  3. some- (e.g. something, someone) (after an interrogative)
  4. hmm; huh (indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles)
prefix
  1. very (emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective)
suffix
  1. -al; -ial; -ic; -ical; -ish; -y (suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word)
adverb
  1. in that way
kangaeru

te-form

kangaete
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to think (about, of); to think over; to ponder; to contemplate; to reflect (on); to meditate (on)
  2. to consider; to bear in mind; to allow for; to take into consideration
  3. to think (that); to believe; to hold (a view); to judge; to conclude; to suspect
  4. to intend (to do); to think of (doing); to plan
  5. to predict; to anticipate; to expect; to imagine
  6. to come up with; to think up; to contrive; to devise
  7. to consider (as); to regard (as); to look on (as); to take; to view
ichinichijuu
noun, adverb
  1. all day long; all the day; throughout the day
ichinichi
noun
  1. one day
noun, adverb
  1. all day (long); throughout the day
noun
  1. first day of the month
ichi
numeric, prefix
  1. one (壱, 弌 and 壹 are used in legal documents)
no adjective, suffix
  1. best
no adjective
  1. first; foremost
noun
  1. beginning; start
noun, used as a prefix
  1. a (single); one (of many) (before a noun)
noun
  1. ace (playing card)
  2. bottom string (on a shamisen, etc.)
hinaka
noun, adverb
  1. daytime; during the day
noun
  1. Japan and China
hi
noun
  1. day; days
  2. sun; sunshine; sunlight
  3. (the) day; daytime; daylight
  4. date; deadline
  5. (past) days; time (e.g. of one's childhood)
  6. case (esp. unfortunate); event (as 〜した日には, 〜と来た日には, etc.)
nichi
noun
  1. Sunday
suffix
  1. day (of the month) (also んち or ち)
suffix, counter
  1. counter for days (also んち or ち)
noun, noun, used as a suffix, noun, used as a prefix
  1. Japan
juu
suffix
  1. through; throughout; in the course of
  2. all over or throughout (e.g. a place)
tsuiyasu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to spend; to expend; to consume
  2. to waste; to squander; to throw away
  3. to devote
wake
noun
  1. conclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard; reason; cause; meaning; circumstances; situation
nimo
expression
  1. also; too; not ... either; as well; even
  2. (it's not possible) no matter what; although one might wish otherwise (after the volitional or dictionary form of verb)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
mo
particle
  1. too; also; in addition; as well; (not) either (in a negative sentence)
  2. both A and B; A as well as B; neither A nor B (in a negative sentence) (as AもBも)
  3. even; as much as; as many as; as far as; as long as; no less than; no fewer than (used for emphasis or to express absence of doubt regarding a quantity, etc.)
  4. even if; even though; although; in spite of (often as 〜ても, 〜でも, 〜とも, etc.)
adverb
  1. further; more; again; another; the other
iku

Plain Present Indicative Negative Form

ikanai
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go; to move (in a direction or towards a specific location); to head (towards); to be transported (towards); to reach
  2. to proceed; to take place (い sometimes omitted in auxiliary use)
  3. to pass through; to come and go
  4. to walk
  5. to die; to pass away
  6. to do (in a specific way)
  7. to stream; to flow
godan verb (iku/yuku), auxiliary verb
  1. to continue (after the -te form of a verb)
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to have an orgasm; to come; to cum
  2. to trip; to get high; to have a drug-induced hallucination
da

Polite Presumptive Form

deshou
copula
  1. be; is (plain copula)
auxiliary verb
  1. did; (have) done (た after certain verb forms; indicates past or completed action)
  2. please; do (indicates light imperative)
sokode
conjunction
  1. so; accordingly; now; then; thereupon; therefore
saigo
noun
  1. end; conclusion
no adjective
  1. last; final; latest; most recent
expression
  1. no sooner than; once; right after (often having negative consequences) (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga")
noun
  1. one's final moments
niha
expression, particle
  1. to; for; on; in; at (emphasises word marked by に)
  2. in order to; for
  3. as for; regarding (indicates respect for subject of sentence)
  4. while it is (was) the case that ...; indeed ... (but); certainly ... (but) (as AにはAが...; emphasizes the repeated word, followed by a contrasting statement)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
mouhitotsu
expression
  1. another; one more
expression, adverb
  1. not quite; not very good; lacking
mou
adverb
  1. now; soon; shortly; before long; presently
  2. already; yet; by now; (not) anymore
  3. further; more; again; another; the other
interjection
  1. tsk; dammit; jeez; come on; what the hell (used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation))
hitotsu
numeric
  1. one
noun
  1. for one thing (often used in itemized lists)
  2. only (after a noun)
  3. (not) even (with a verb in negative form)
noun, adverb
  1. just (e.g. "just try it")
no adjective
  1. some kind of; one type of
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
gurasu
noun
  1. glass (drinking vessel)
  2. glass (material)
  3. glasses (eyewear)
mo
particle
  1. too; also; in addition; as well; (not) either (in a negative sentence)
  2. both A and B; A as well as B; neither A nor B (in a negative sentence) (as AもBも)
  3. even; as much as; as many as; as far as; as long as; no less than; no fewer than (used for emphasis or to express absence of doubt regarding a quantity, etc.)
  4. even if; even though; although; in spite of (often as 〜ても, 〜でも, 〜とも, etc.)
adverb
  1. further; more; again; another; the other
mochiageru

Plain Past Indicative Form

mochiageta
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to elevate; to raise; to lift up
  2. to flatter; to extol; to praise to the sky
wa
particle
  1. indicates emotion or admiration (at sentence end)
  2. indicates emphasis (at sentence end)
pronoun
  1. I; me
interjection
  1. wah!
  2. boo!
soshitara
conjunction
  1. then; and then; and; if so; because then; if that's the case
mata
adverb
  1. again; once more; once again; another time; some other time
  2. also; too; as well; likewise
  3. on the other hand; while
conjunction
  1. and; in addition; besides; moreover; furthermore
  2. or; otherwise
adverb
  1. really; how; (what, why) on earth (expresses surprise, shock, doubt, etc.)
prefix
  1. indirect
mizu
noun
  1. water (esp. cool, fresh water, e.g. drinking water) (み is generally used in compounds)
  2. fluid (esp. in an animal tissue); liquid
  3. flood; floodwaters
  4. water offered to wrestlers just prior to a bout
  5. break granted to wrestlers engaged in a prolonged bout
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
yuka
noun
  1. floor
  2. stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player)
  3. dining platform built across a river
ichimen
noun
  1. one face; one surface
  2. the whole surface
  3. one aspect; one side
noun, adverb
  1. (on) the other hand
noun
  1. one broad, flat object
  2. front page (e.g. newspaper)
ichi
numeric, prefix
  1. one (壱, 弌 and 壹 are used in legal documents)
no adjective, suffix
  1. best
no adjective
  1. first; foremost
noun
  1. beginning; start
noun, used as a prefix
  1. a (single); one (of many) (before a noun)
noun
  1. ace (playing card)
  2. bottom string (on a shamisen, etc.)
men
noun
  1. face
  2. mask; face guard
  3. (in kendo) striking the head
  4. surface (esp. a geometrical surface)
  5. page
noun, suffix
  1. aspect; facet; side
  2. chamfer
counter
  1. counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
koboreru

Plain Past Indicative Form

koboreta
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to spill; to fall out of; to overflow
  2. to peek through; to become visible (although normally not)
  3. to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)
wake
noun
  1. conclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard; reason; cause; meaning; circumstances; situation

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