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He was lying on the sofa, but sat up as she entered the room.
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Vocabulary list

kare
pronoun
  1. he; him
noun
  1. boyfriend
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
  2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion (often ん)
  5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
  6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
ue
noun, no adjective, adverb, noun, used as a suffix
  1. above; up; over; elder (e.g. daughter)
noun
  1. top; summit; head (e.g. of a staircase)
  2. surface
noun, no adjective, adverb
  1. before; previous
noun, no adjective
  1. superiority; one's superior; one's elder
noun, adverb
  1. on top of that; besides; what's more; not only ... but (following a verb or adjective)
  2. upon (further inspection, etc.); based on (and occurring after) (following a verb or noun)
  3. matters concerning ...; as concerns ...
  4. since (i.e. "for that reason") (as ~上は)
noun, used as a suffix
  1. honorable; venerable (suffix indicating higher social standing than the speaker)
  2. place of one's superior (e.g. the throne)
  3. emperor; sovereign; shogun; daimyo
  4. noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
de
particle
  1. at; in (indicates location of action; にて is the formal literary form)
  2. at; when (indicates time of action)
  3. by; with (indicates means of action)
conjunction
  1. and then; so
auxiliary
  1. and; then (indicates continuing action; alternative form of 〜て used for some verb types)
particle
  1. let me tell you; don't you know (at sentence-end; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.)
yokoninaru

te-form

yokoninatte
expression, godan verb
  1. to lie down (and rest)
yokoni
adverb
  1. horizontally; flat
  2. across; crossways; crosswise; sideways; abreast
yoko
noun
  1. horizontal (as opposed to vertical); lying down
  2. side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back); width; breadth
  3. side (of a box, etc.)
  4. beside; aside; next to
  5. unconnected
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
naru

te-form

natte
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  2. to result in; to prove to be
  3. to consist of; to be composed of
  4. to succeed; to be complete
  5. to change into; to be exchanged for
  6. to play a role
  7. to be promoted
godan verb
  1. to do ... (as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.)
iru

Plain Past Indicative Form

ita
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
kanojo
pronoun
  1. she; her
noun
  1. girlfriend
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
heya
noun
  1. room; chamber
  2. apartment; flat; pad
  3. stable
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
hairu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to enter; to go into
  2. to break into
  3. to join; to enroll
  4. to contain; to hold; to accommodate
  5. to have (an income of)
  6. to get turned on; to start functioning; to start working
  7. to get; to obtain; to receive; to score
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
particle
  1. with
  2. used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn
particle
  1. indicates a question (at sentence end)
okiagaru

Plain Past Indicative Form

okiagatta
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to rise; to erect; to get up

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