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As he was about to fall into the river, he took hold of the tree.
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Vocabulary list

kawa
noun
  1. river; stream
suffix
  1. River; the ... river (suffix used with the names of rivers)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
ochiru

masu stem

ochi

Negative stem

ochi
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to fall down; to drop; to fall (e.g. rain); to sink (e.g. sun or moon); to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze); to be used in a certain place (e.g. money) (occ. 堕ちる for depravity and 墜ちる for a crash)
  2. to be omitted; to be missing
  3. to decrease; to sink
  4. to fail (e.g. exam or class); to lose (contest, election, etc.)
  5. to crash; to degenerate; to degrade; to fall behind
  6. to become indecent (of a conversation)
  7. to be ruined; to go under
  8. to fade; to come out (e.g. a stain); to come off (e.g. makeup); to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list)
  9. to fall (into someone's hands); to become someone's possession
  10. to fall (into a trap); to fall (for a trick)
  11. to give in; to give up; to confess; to flee
  12. to fall; to be defeated; to surrender
  13. to come to (in the end); to end in
  14. to fall (in love, asleep, etc.)
  15. to swoon (judo)
  16. to consent; to understand
  17. to go down (of a website, server, etc.); to crash
  18. to log out (of an online game, chat room, etc.); to drop out; to leave; to go offline
  19. to die (of animals)
  20. to move to the depths (of fish when it gets cold)
  21. to go down (of a website, server, etc.)
souninatta
expression
  1. almost (did); nearly (did) (after the -masu stem of a verb)
sou
adverb
  1. in that way; thus; such (concerning the actions of the listener or concerning the ideas expressed or understood by the listener; with a neg. sentence, implies that something isn't as much as one might think)
interjection
  1. so (used to express agreement with something said)
  2. so? (used to express doubt with something said)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
naru

Plain Past Indicative Form

natta
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  2. to result in; to prove to be
  3. to consist of; to be composed of
  4. to succeed; to be complete
  5. to change into; to be exchanged for
  6. to play a role
  7. to be promoted
godan verb
  1. to do ... (as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.)
toki
noun
  1. time; hour; moment (刻 signifies a time of day; 秋 signifies an important time)
noun, adverb
  1. occasion; case
noun
  1. chance; opportunity; season
  2. the times; the age; the day
  3. tense
kare
pronoun
  1. he; him
noun
  1. boyfriend
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
ki
noun
  1. tree; shrub; bush
  2. wood; timber
wo
particle
  1. indicates direct object of action
  2. indicates subject of causative expression
  3. indicates an area traversed
  4. indicates time (period) over which action takes place
  5. indicates point of departure or separation of action
  6. indicates object of desire, like, hate, etc.
tsukamu

Plain Past Indicative Form

tsukanda
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to seize; to catch; to grasp; to grip; to grab; to clutch; to hold; to catch hold of; to lay one's hands on
  2. to obtain; to acquire; to get; to win; to capture
  3. to understand; to grasp; to comprehend

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