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Japanese Sentence with English Translation

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Japanese Sentence

English Translation of Sentence

If I had not had a previous engagement, I could have come to the party.
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Vocabulary list

watashi
pronoun, no adjective
  1. I; me
  2. private affairs; personal matter; secrecy
  3. selfishness
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
senyaku
noun, no adjective
  1. previous engagement; prior contract
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be (usu. of inanimate objects); to exist; to live
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about
nakereba
expression
  1. if it does not exist; if it is not there; if it is not ...
  2. unless one ...; if one does not ...
sono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener); the
  2. um...; er...; uh...
ni
particle
  1. indicates such things as location of person or thing, location of short-term action, etc.
iku
yuku
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go
  2. to proceed; to take place
  3. to die; to pass away
  4. to continue
koto
noun
  1. thing; matter; fact; circumstances; business; reason; experience
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
  3. but; however; still; and
suru
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as
  6. to decide on; to choose
  7. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)
  8. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  9. to be worth; to cost
  10. to pass (of time); to elapse
  11. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
  12. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  13. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to
dekiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be able (in a position) to do; to be up to the task
  2. to be ready; to be completed
  3. to be made; to be built
  4. to be good at; to be permitted (to do)
  5. to become intimate; to take up (with somebody)
  6. to grow; to be raised
darou
expression
  1. seems; I think; I guess; I wonder; I hope
  2. don't you agree?; I thought you'd say that!

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