In this video we’re going to analyse Taki and Mitsuha’s quote from Your Name (Kimi no Na wa).
君 means “you” which is used when a person speaks to the second person in a lower status such as a teacher to a student, or someone equal such as friends or couples. Although you often hear it in songs, manga or anime, you hardly hear it in a real conversation as it sounds a bit cheesy and old-fashioned.
名前 means “name”.
The の particle is used to connect two nouns where the first noun modifies the second. In this case it is used as a possessor so the first noun possesses the second noun which makes 君の名前 mean “your name”.
The は particle in a question shows what comes before is the topic you want to know about. So the rest of the sentence is often omitted because you can guess what’s being asked.
Actually, in this scene the last part is omitted for all the sentences. But you can guess each part with the particles and the context. So Taki says 俺、君をどこかで – the verb used with を in this situation could be 見た which means “I saw you somewhere” or it could be 知っている which means “I know you from somewhere” but I would choose 知っている as the two have a stronger connection than just “having seen each other before”. And for Mitsuha, 私も – the particle も means “too or also” so It would be 私も君をどこかで知っている meaning “I also know you from somewhere”.
As you can see, Japanese people tend to leave sentences unfinished. This is because Japan has a guess culture which is also called a high-context culture that relies mainly on non-verbal, implicit communication. So there are many things you have to guess from the context, personal relationships, traditions, and so on. Also, less talking or indirectness is considered an admirable quality in communication in Japan. So if Taki and Mitsuha said whole sentences, they would have sounded too direct and frank without any humbleness which many Japanese people tend not to prefer.
The second noun can be omitted when it has already been mentioned.
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