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Learn Japanese with Anime - I Put A Spell On It So It'll Give Back Your Strength

15 Sentences|46 Words|48 Kanji

Learn Japanese with Anime - I Put A Spell On It So It'll Give Back Your Strength

In this video we’re going to analyse Haku’s quote from Spirited Away (Sen to Chihiro no Kamikakushi) (anime scene edited).

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Analysis

千尋の元気が出るように

千尋 is the name of the main character.

の is the possessive particle and 元気 literally is “original spirit” which is used to mean “health, energy, strength”, and so on. So 千尋の元気 means “Chihiro’s energy or strength“.

“Noun が出る” means “something comes out“ or “something emerges“ so 元気が出る means “energy comes out” which can be translated as “to give you energy” or “give back your strength”.

And a verb dictionary form followed by ように means “so that”. You might know the similar word ために meaning “in order to” which is often mixed up with ように. They are very similar, but the implications and the types of the verb used with them are different.

  • A ように B implies the clause A is a possible natural result of performing the clause B. So ように normally takes non-volitional verbs (無意志動詞) such as わかる (to understand), できる (can do), 聞こえる (to hear) and so on, which normally cannot be controlled by one’s will.
  • A ために B is used in cases where clause A is a purpose or objective and the clause B is performed in order to achieve it. So ために normally takes volitional verbs (意志動詞) such as 知る (to know), する (to do), 聞く (to listen) and so on, which can be controlled by one’s will.

元気が出る meaning “energy comes out” is something that naturally occurs without intentions, so it’s used with ように. On the other hand, 元気を出す meaning “someone pulls out their energy” is what you intend to do so it’s used with ために.

So if he says 千尋の元気を出すために it sounds like he can control her energy at his will, whereas 千尋の元気がでるように indicates that Chihiro may naturally get back her strength as the result of his action.

まじないをかけて作ったんだ

まじない means “a spell”.

The を particle indicates the direct object of the following verb.

かけて is the te-form of かける. When it’s used with something thought to have magical powers like 魔法 (magic), 呪い (curse), 催眠術 (hypnotism) and so on, it means “to give effect to someone or something with the power”, so まじないをかける means “to cast a spell” and the te-form is used to mean “and” which links the two actions.

作った is the ta-form or the past tense of 作る meaning “to make“, so まじないをかけて作った means “cast a spell and made it”.

Lastly, んだ is used to add an explanatory tone to the statement so that it sounds persuasive and convincing.

Haku’s Quote

I will save money so that I can buy a car.

ように (so that) vs ために (in order to)

I put a spell on it so it’ll give back your strength.
I will save money in order to buy a car.
I wake up early so that I can eat breakfast.
I wake up early in order to eat breakfast.
I practice hard so that I can win a championship.
I practice hard in order to win a championship.

NOTE

  • “In order not to, so as not to” = Verb Nai-Form + ように (more common than ために)
Hold on tight so as not to fall!

  • Both ように and ために can be used with the verb thought to be volitional and non-volitional.
I keep busy as much as possible so that I can forget about him.
I keep busy as much as possible in order to forget about him.
I’m working early in the morning so that I can get used to the job quickly.
I’m working early in the morning in order to get used to the job quickly.

かける (to give effect to someone or something)

The witch cast a magic spell on the prince and changed him into a frog.
If you curse someone, it’ll come back to you.
The man hypnotised his patient to sleep.
Romaji Hide|Add all to ▼

Vocabulary

kau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to buy
chokin
noun, suru verb
  1. (bank) savings
genki
na adjective, noun
  1. health(y)
kakeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on
deru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to appear; to come forth
majinai
noun
  1. charm; spell
tsukuru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to make; to produce
tameni
conjunction
  1. for the sake of
hayaku
adverb
  1. early
asagohan
noun
  1. breakfast
taberu
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to eat
okiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to get up
  2. to wake up
yuushou
noun, suru verb
  1. championship
dekiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be able (in a position) to do
isshoukenmei
na adjective, adverbial noun, noun
  1. with all one's might
renshuu
noun, suru verb
  1. practice
ochiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to fall down
chanto
adverb, noun, suru verb
  1. perfectly; properly; exactly
tsukamaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to hold on to; to grasp
wasureru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to forget
narubeku
adverb
  1. as much as possible
isogashii
i adjective
  1. busy; occupied
shigoto
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. work
nareru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to grow accustomed (to); to get used (to)
asahayaku
adverb
  1. early in the morning
hataraku
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to work
majo
noun, no adjective
  1. witch
ouji
noun
  1. prince
mahou
noun
  1. magic
kaeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to transform
shimau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to do something completely
dareka
noun
  1. someone; somebody
kanarazu
adverb
  1. always; without exception; certainly
jibun
pronoun, no adjective
  1. yourself; oneself
kaeru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to return; to come back
saiminjutsu
noun
  1. hypnotism
kanja
noun
  1. (a) patient
nemuru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to sleep (not necessarily lying down)
nemuraseru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to put into sleep
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Kanji

Stroke Count
1 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. one, one radical (no.1)
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、ひと.つ、はじめ、てん、かづ、かつ、いる、まこと、かず、おさむ、か、かた、くに、さね、すすむ、たか、ただ、ち、のぶ、はじむ、ひ、ひじ、ひで、ひとし、まさし、もと、もろ、ひと-。
On'yomi: イチ、イツ。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. woman, female
Readings
Kun'yomi: おんな、め、をとめ、むすめ、なんじ。
On'yomi: ニョウ、ニョ、ジョ。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Readings
Kun'yomi: こ、ね、-こ。
On'yomi: ス、シ、ツ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. king, rule, magnate
Readings
Kun'yomi: おおきみ。
On'yomi: オウ、-ノウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exit, leave, go out, come out, put out, protrude
Readings
Kun'yomi: -で、-だ.す、だ.す、で.る、い.だす、い.でる。
On'yomi: スイ、シュツ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. life, genuine, birth
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.きる、い.かす、い.ける、う.む、う.まれる、は.える、は.やす、お.う、なま、き、あい、あさ、あり、あらは.る、あ.る、あれ、い、いか、いき、いく、いけ、う、うぶ、うまい、うまは.る、うまる、うる、え、お、おい、おいし.く、おお、おき、おや、おや.す、おゆ、きつ、ぎゅう、くるみ、ごせ、さ、さん、すぎ、すすむ、せ、そ、そう、たか、ちる、なじ、な.す、なせ、なば、なり、なる、な.る、にう、にゅう、ぬく、のう、のり、ばい、はえ、はさま、ふ、ぶ、ふゆ、み、む、む.す、もう、や、ゆ、よ、よい、よど、りゅう、-う、う.まれ、なま-、うま.れる、うまれ。
On'yomi: しょう、セイ、サン、ショウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. early, fast
Readings
Kun'yomi: はや.い、はや.まる、はや.める、そ、さわ、さか、さ-、はや、はや-。
On'yomi: サッ、ソウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. spirit, mind, air, atmosphere, mood
Readings
Kun'yomi: いき。
On'yomi: ケ、キ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. male
Readings
Kun'yomi: おとこ、お、み。
On'yomi: ナン、ダン。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. car
Readings
Kun'yomi: くるま。
On'yomi: シャ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. gold
Readings
Kun'yomi: かね、かな、-がね、かな-。
On'yomi: コン、キン、ゴン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. beginning, former time, origin
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと、はじめ。
On'yomi: ゴン、ゲン、ガン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand, know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/100
Readings
Kun'yomi: わ.け、わ.かつ、わ.かる、わ.ける、わ.かれる。
On'yomi: ブ、フン、ブン。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. oneself
Readings
Kun'yomi: みずか.ら、おの.ずから、より、おの.ずと。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. make, production, prepare, build
Readings
Kun'yomi: つく.る、づくり、つく.り、づく.り、な.す、くり、まさか、あり、つくり、つくる、とも、なお、なり、ふか、-づく.り。
On'yomi: サク、サ、サッ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. eat, food
Readings
Kun'yomi: た.べる、く.う、く.らう、は.む、やしな.う。
On'yomi: イ、ジキ、ジ、ショク、シ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. morning, dynasty, regime, epoch, period, (North) Korea
Readings
Kun'yomi: あさ。
On'yomi: チョウ、ジョウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. buy
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.う。
On'yomi: メ、バイ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. attend, doing, official, serve
Readings
Kun'yomi: つか.える。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. return, answer, fade, repay
Readings
Kun'yomi: かえ.す、かえ.る、-かえ.す、-かえ.る。
On'yomi: ヘン、ホン、ハン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. matter, thing, fact, business, reason, possibly
Readings
Kun'yomi: こと、つか.う、つか.える。
On'yomi: ジ、シ、ズ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. fate, command, decree, destiny, life, appoint
Readings
Kun'yomi: いのち、みこと。
On'yomi: ミョウ、メイ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. someone, person
Readings
Kun'yomi: もの。
On'yomi: シャ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. rouse, wake up, get up
Readings
Kun'yomi: お.きる、お.こす、お.こる、おこ.す、た.つ。
On'yomi: コ、キ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. learn
Readings
Kun'yomi: なら.う、なら.い。
On'yomi: ジュウ、シュウ、ジュ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. victory, win, prevail, excel
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.つ、まさ.る、-が.ち、かつ、すぐ.れる。
On'yomi: ショウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. fall, drop, come down
Readings
Kun'yomi: お.ちる、お.とす、おち、お.ち。
On'yomi: ラク。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. practice, gloss, train, drill, polish, refine
Readings
Kun'yomi: ね.る、ね.り、ねり。
On'yomi: レン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. invariably, certain, inevitable
Readings
Kun'yomi: かなら.ず。
On'yomi: ヒチ、ヒツ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. method, law, rule, principle, model, system
Readings
Kun'yomi: のり。
On'yomi: ホウ、ホッ、ハッ、フラン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. unusual, change, strange
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.(わ)る、か.える、か.わり、か.わる。
On'yomi: ヘン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. savings, store, lay in, keep, wear mustache
Readings
Kun'yomi: た.める、たくわ.える。
On'yomi: チョ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. work, (kokuji)
Readings
Kun'yomi: はたら.く。
On'yomi: ドウ、リキ、ロク、リュク、リョク。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. art, technique, skill, means, trick, resources, magic
Readings
Kun'yomi: すべ、ばけ。
On'yomi: ジュツ、ズチ、シュツ。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. accustomed, get used to, become experienced
Readings
Kun'yomi: な.れる、な.らす。
On'yomi: ケン、カン。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. forget
Readings
Kun'yomi: わす.れる。
On'yomi: モウ、ボウ。
Stroke Count
17 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness
Readings
Kun'yomi: やさ.しい、すぐ.れる、まさ.る。
On'yomi: ウ、ユウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. busy, occupied, restless
Readings
Kun'yomi: いそが.しい、せわ.しい、おそ.れる、うれえるさま。
On'yomi: モウ、ボウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. he, that, the
Readings
Kun'yomi: か、かれ、か.の、かの。
On'yomi: ヒ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. do, change, make, benefit, welfare, be of use, reach to, try, practice, cost, serve as, good, advantage, as a result of
Readings
Kun'yomi: ため、な.す、な.る、す.る、たり、なり、つく.る。
On'yomi: イ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sleep, die, sleepy
Readings
Kun'yomi: ねむ.い、ねむ.る。
On'yomi: ミン、メン、ベン。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. afflicted, disease, suffer from, be ill
Readings
Kun'yomi: わずら.う、くろ。
On'yomi: ゲン、カン。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hang, suspend, depend, arrive at, tax, pour
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.ける、か.かる、かかり、がかり、が.かり、か.かり、が.かる、が.け、かけ、-か.け、-が.け、-か.かる、-か.ける、-が.かり、-が.かる、-がかり、か.け。
On'yomi: カ、ケ、カイ、ケイ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sponsor, hold (a meeting), give (a dinner)
Readings
Kun'yomi: もよう.す、もよお.す。
On'yomi: セ、サイ。
Stroke Count
20 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. suspend, hang, 10%, install, depend, consult
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.ける、か.かる。
On'yomi: ケ、ゲン、ケン。
Stroke Count
21 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. witch, demon, evil spirit
Readings
On'yomi: マ、バ。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. who, someone, somebody
Readings
Kun'yomi: だれ、たれ、た。
On'yomi: ズイ、スイ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
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English Meaning
  1. spell, curse, charm, malediction
Readings
Kun'yomi: のろ.う、まじな.う、まじな.い、かし.る、かし.り、のろ.い。
On'yomi: ジュ、シュ、シュウ、ズ。

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