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Learn Japanese with Anime - I Put A Spell On It So It'll Give Back Your Strength

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Learn Japanese with Anime - I Put A Spell On It So It'll Give Back Your Strength

In this video we’re going to analyse Haku’s quote from Spirited Away (Sen to Chihiro no Kamikakushi) (anime scene edited).

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Analysis

千尋の元気が出るように

千尋 is the name of the main character.

の is the possessive particle and 元気 literally is “original spirit” which is used to mean “health, energy, strength”, and so on. So 千尋の元気 means “Chihiro’s energy or strength“.

“Noun が出る” means “something comes out“ or “something emerges“ so 元気が出る means “energy comes out” which can be translated as “to give you energy” or “give back your strength”.

And a verb dictionary form followed by ように means “so that”. You might know the similar word ために meaning “in order to” which is often mixed up with ように. They are very similar, but the implications and the types of the verb used with them are different.

  • A ように B implies the clause A is a possible natural result of performing the clause B. So ように normally takes non-volitional verbs (無意志動詞) such as わかる (to understand), できる (can do), 聞こえる (to hear) and so on, which normally cannot be controlled by one’s will.
  • A ために B is used in cases where clause A is a purpose or objective and the clause B is performed in order to achieve it. So ために normally takes volitional verbs (意志動詞) such as 知る (to know), する (to do), 聞く (to listen) and so on, which can be controlled by one’s will.

元気が出る meaning “energy comes out” is something that naturally occurs without intentions, so it’s used with ように. On the other hand, 元気を出す meaning “someone pulls out their energy” is what you intend to do so it’s used with ために.

So if he says 千尋の元気を出すために it sounds like he can control her energy at his will, whereas 千尋の元気がでるように indicates that Chihiro may naturally get back her strength as the result of his action.

まじないをかけて作ったんだ

まじない means “a spell”.

The を particle indicates the direct object of the following verb.

かけて is the te-form of かける. When it’s used with something thought to have magical powers like 魔法 (magic), 呪い (curse), 催眠術 (hypnotism) and so on, it means “to give effect to someone or something with the power”, so まじないをかける means “to cast a spell” and the te-form is used to mean “and” which links the two actions.

作った is the ta-form or the past tense of 作る meaning “to make“, so まじないをかけて作った means “cast a spell and made it”.

Lastly, んだ is used to add an explanatory tone to the statement so that it sounds persuasive and convincing.

Sentences

Haku’s Quote

I put a spell on it so it’ll give back your strength.

ように (so that) vs ために (in order to)

I will save money so that I can buy a car.
I will save money in order to buy a car.
I wake up early so that I can eat breakfast.
I wake up early in order to eat breakfast.
I practice hard so that I can win a championship.
I practice hard in order to win a championship.

NOTE

  • “In order not to, so as not to” = Verb Nai-Form + ように (more common than ために)
Hold on tight so as not to fall!
  • Both ように and ために can be used with the verb thought to be volitional and non-volitional.
I keep busy as much as possible so that I can forget about him.
I keep busy as much as possible in order to forget about him.
I’m working early in the morning so that I can get used to the job quickly.
I’m working early in the morning in order to get used to the job quickly.

かける (to give effect to someone or something)

The witch cast a magic spell on the prince and changed him into a frog.
If you curse someone, it’ll come back to you.
The man hypnotised his patient to sleep.

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
asagohan
noun
  1. breakfast
asahayaku
adverb
  1. early in the morning
isogashii
i adjective
  1. busy; occupied
isshoukenmei
na adjective, adverbial noun, noun
  1. with all one's might
ouji
noun
  1. prince
okiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to get up
  2. to wake up
ochiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to fall down
kaeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to transform
kaeru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to return; to come back
kakeru
  • to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on
  • kanarazu
    adverb
    1. always; without exception; certainly
    kanja
    noun
    1. (a) patient
    genki
    na adjective, noun
    1. health(y)
    saiminjutsu
    noun
    1. hypnotism

    Kanji

    Display Default|Add to ▼
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    Add to ▼
    English Meaning
    1. spell, curse, charm, malediction
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: のろ.う、まじな.う、まじな.い、かし.る、かし.り、のろ.い。
    On'yomi: ジュ、シュ、シュウ、ズ。
    Stroke Count
    15 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. who, someone, somebody
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: だれ、たれ、た。
    On'yomi: ズイ、スイ。
    Stroke Count
    1 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. one, one radical (no.1)
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: ひと、ひと.つ、はじめ、てん、かづ、かつ、いる、まこと、かず、おさむ、か、かた、くに、さね、すすむ、たか、ただ、ち、のぶ、はじむ、ひ、ひじ、ひで、ひとし、まさし、もと、もろ、ひと-。
    On'yomi: イチ、イツ。
    Stroke Count
    3 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. woman, female
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: おんな、め、をとめ、むすめ、なんじ。
    On'yomi: ニョウ、ニョ、ジョ。
    Stroke Count
    3 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: こ、ね、-こ。
    On'yomi: ス、シ、ツ。
    Stroke Count
    4 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand, know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/100
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: わ.け、わ.かつ、わ.かる、わ.ける、わ.かれる。
    On'yomi: ブ、フン、ブン。
    Stroke Count
    5 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. exit, leave, go out, come out, put out, protrude
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: -で、-だ.す、だ.す、で.る、い.だす、い.でる。
    On'yomi: スイ、シュツ。
    Stroke Count
    5 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. life, genuine, birth
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: い.きる、い.かす、い.ける、う.む、う.まれる、は.える、は.やす、お.う、なま、き、あい、あさ、あり、あらは.る、あ.る、あれ、い、いか、いき、いく、いけ、う、うぶ、うまい、うまは.る、うまる、うる、え、お、おい、おいし.く、おお、おき、おや、おや.す、おゆ、きつ、ぎゅう、くるみ、ごせ、さ、さん、すぎ、すすむ、せ、そ、そう、たか、ちる、なじ、な.す、なせ、なば、なり、なる、な.る、にう、にゅう、ぬく、のう、のり、ばい、はえ、はさま、ふ、ぶ、ふゆ、み、む、む.す、もう、や、ゆ、よ、よい、よど、りゅう、-う、う.まれ、なま-、うま.れる、うまれ。
    On'yomi: しょう、セイ、サン、ショウ。
    Stroke Count
    6 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. spirit, mind, air, atmosphere, mood
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: いき。
    On'yomi: ケ、キ。
    Stroke Count
    7 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. male
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: おとこ、お、み。
    On'yomi: ナン、ダン。
    Stroke Count
    7 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. car
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: くるま。
    On'yomi: シャ。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. gold
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: かね、かな、-がね、かな-。
    On'yomi: コン、キン、ゴン。
    Stroke Count
    9 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. eat, food
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: た.べる、く.う、く.らう、は.む、やしな.う。
    On'yomi: イ、ジキ、ジ、ショク、シ。
    Stroke Count
    4 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. beginning, former time, origin
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: もと、はじめ。
    On'yomi: ゴン、ゲン、ガン。
    Stroke Count
    5 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. attend, doing, official, serve
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: つか.える。
    On'yomi: ジ、シ。
    Stroke Count
    6 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. early, fast
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: はや.い、はや.まる、はや.める、そ、さわ、さか、さ-、はや、はや-。
    On'yomi: サッ、ソウ。
    Stroke Count
    6 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. oneself
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: みずか.ら、おの.ずから、より、おの.ずと。
    On'yomi: ジ、シ。
    Stroke Count
    7 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. make, production, prepare, build
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: つく.る、づくり、つく.り、づく.り、な.す、くり、まさか、あり、つくり、つくる、とも、なお、なり、ふか、-づく.り。
    On'yomi: サク、サ、サッ。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. matter, thing, fact, business, reason, possibly
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: こと、つか.う、つか.える。
    On'yomi: ジ、シ、ズ。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. someone, person
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: もの。
    On'yomi: シャ。

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    ありがとう!

    #2 Posted by wumeng about 12 months ago

    すばらしい!ありがとう!

    #1 Posted by joliebean over 1 year ago


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