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Learn Japanese With Anime I, Giorno Giovanna, Have A Dream

9 Sentences|27 Words|24 Kanji Video Lessons »

Learn Japanese With Anime I, Giorno Giovanna, Have A Dream

In this video we’re going to analyse Giorno Giovanna’s quote from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (Jojo no Kimyou na Bouken).

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Analysis

The grammar is 「A には B がある」 meaning “A has B”.

The A is このジョルノ・ジョバァーナ. この means “this” which is used to modify the following word, such as このペン meaning “this pen“, この人 meaning “this person” so このジョルノ・ジョバァーナ literally means “this Giorno Giovanna”. But when この modifies the speaker’s name or the first person pronoun such as 私, 俺, or 僕, it emphasizes that the speaker is the one which is referred to or makes it explicit. So このジョルノ・ジョバァーナ can be translated as “I, Giorno Giovanna”.

And the B is 夢 meaning “dream”, so このジョルノ・ジョバァーナには夢がある means “I, Giorno Giovanna, have a dream”.

This grammar is used for possession of something abstract or intangible which the A can naturally or instinctively have such as a dream, talent, feature, ability, and so on.

In other words, you don’t usually use this grammar for possession of something tangible that you can volitionally have such as a pen, bag, car and so on. Instead, for tangible things, you can use the grammar “A は B を持っている”. For example, 私はペンを持っている meaning “I have a pen” , 私はカバンを持っている meaning “I have a bag”.

The grammar “A は B を持っている” can also be used for intangible things, but it sounds more volitional rather than instinctive. Intangible things like a dream, talent or ability are usually things that you instinctively have so A には B がある sounds more natural.

Sentences

Giorno Giovanna’s Quote

I, Giorno Giovanna, have a dream.

この + First Person Pronoun (used for emphasis/explicitness)

It is impossible that “I” would lose!
Please leave it to ME.
Did “I” really win…?

A には B がある (A has B)

This jacket is waterproof (This jacket has a waterproofing feature).
He has a strong belief.
I have the right to refuse it.

NOTE

  • “A B がある” can also be used but “A には B がある” is more common.
  • When the B is an animate thing such as a person, animal and so on, you use いる instead of ある.
Mr. Yamada has five children.
  • A には B がある can also express existence or location. In this case, the B can be a tangible object.
There are many playgrounds here.

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
asobiba
noun
  1. playground
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to have
omakase
noun, suru verb
  1. omakase
ore
pronoun
  1. I; me (rough or arrogant)
ka
suffix
  1. -ical (suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word)
adverb
  1. in that way
katsu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to win
kudasai
expression
  1. please (do for me) (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-)
kenri
noun
  1. right; privilege
kodomo
noun
  1. child
kotowaru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to refuse; to reject
kono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
san
suffix
  1. Miss (after a person's name (or position, etc.))
shinnen
noun
  1. belief; faith
sore
pronoun
  1. that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind)
takusan
no adjective, na adjective, noun, adverb
  1. many
nin
counter
  1. counter for people
bousuisei
noun, no adjective
  1. waterproof property

Kanji

Display Default|Add to ▼
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. I, myself
Readings
Kun'yomi: おれ、われ。
On'yomi: エン。
Stroke Count
2 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. person
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、-と、-り。
On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Readings
Kun'yomi: こ、ね、-こ。
On'yomi: ス、シ、ツ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. water
Readings
Kun'yomi: みず、みづ、み、みず-。
On'yomi: スイ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと。
On'yomi: ホン。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. private, I, me
Readings
Kun'yomi: わたくし、わたし、わたくし.する、わし、ひそ.か。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. strong
Readings
Kun'yomi: つよ.い、つよ.まる、つよ.める、し.いる、こわ.い、すね、したた.か、あなが.ち、しい.て。
On'yomi: ゴウ、キョウ、ガン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. location, place
Readings
Kun'yomi: ば。
On'yomi: ジョウ、チョウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. responsibility, duty, term, entrust to, appoint
Readings
Kun'yomi: まか.せる、まか.す、た.える、とう、ひで、さ。
On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hit, right, appropriate, himself
Readings
Kun'yomi: あ.たる、あ.てる、あ.たり、まさ.に、まさ.に・・・すべし、たい、あ.て、まさ.にべし。
On'yomi: トウ、トウ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. profit, advantage, benefit
Readings
Kun'yomi: き.く、と、とし、のり、み、りい、かが。
On'yomi: リ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. submit, offer, present, serve (meal), accompany
Readings
Kun'yomi: とも、そな.える、ども、-ども。
On'yomi: グ、ク、キョウ、クウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. he, that, the
Readings
Kun'yomi: か、かれ、か.の、かの。
On'yomi: ヒ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. wish, sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, attention
Readings
On'yomi: ネン、デン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sex, gender, nature
Readings
Kun'yomi: さが。
On'yomi: ショウ、セイ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. faith, truth, fidelity, trust
Readings
Kun'yomi: のぶ、まこと。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Readings
Kun'yomi: ま.ける、ま.かす、お.う、そむ.く。
On'yomi: フ、ブ、フウ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision, judgement, cutting
Readings
Kun'yomi: ことわ.る、た.つ、さだ.める。
On'yomi: ダン、タン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. victory, win, prevail, excel
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.つ、まさ.る、-が.ち、かつ、すぐ.れる。
On'yomi: ショウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. play
Readings
Kun'yomi: あそ.ぶ、あそ.ばす、う、あす。
On'yomi: ユ、ユウ。

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