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Learn Japanese with Anime - If You’ve Got A Problem With The World, Change Yourself

10 Sentences|31 Words|40 Kanji

Learn Japanese with Anime - If You’ve Got A Problem With The World, Change Yourself

In this video we’re going to analyse Motoko's quote from Ghost in the Shell.

Analysis

世の中 means “world”. You might know “世界” which also means “world” but 世界 is often used as the physical world whereas 世の中 is “a world” with a concept of “society” or “era”. 

“に (towards) 不満 (dissatisfaction) がある (there is)” following a noun, means “have dissatisfaction towards something” or “have a problem with something”.

なら means “if” or “given” which is used when the speaker sees or hears a particular thing or situation from the listener and explains what to do under the given condition. So Motoko hears the guy complaining about the current system and she tells him what to do under the condition which is that he’s got a problem with the world.

自分 means “oneself” so in this context it means “yourself”.

を is the particle which is used to indicate the direct object of the following verb.

変えろ is the imperative form of 変える meaning “change something”. So Motoko is telling the guy to change himself. Please note that if you use imperative forms in real conversations, it sounds really bossy.

Motoko's Quote

If you’ve got a problem with the world, change yourself.

世の中 (world)

After ten years, the world would be more developed.
I want to become a politician and change the world.
It is very important to know the system of the world.

Noun + に不満がある (have a problem with something)

Even if you are not happy in the work place, you can't quit the job that easily.
Everyone has a problem with their boss, but they are putting up with him.
Many people aren't satisfied with the politicians.

Plain Form + なら (if, given)

A: I'm leaving. B: Oh, if you are going out, buy some milk.
A: I want to go somewhere this summer. B: For a summer trip, Okinawa is good!
If you are cold, I can lend you my gloves.
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Vocabulary

yononaka
noun
  1. society; the world
fuman
na adjective, noun
  1. dissatisfaction
kaeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to change
jibun
pronoun, no adjective
  1. myself; yourself; oneself
nengo
adverbial noun, noun (temporal)
  1. years later
shinka
noun, suru verb
  1. progress
seijika
noun
  1. politician
shikumi
noun, suru verb
  1. structure; arrangement
shiru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to know
taisetsu
na adjective, noun
  1. important
shokuba
noun
  1. workplace
nakanaka
adverb
  1. by no means (with negative verb)
yameru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to resign
minna
adverb, noun
  1. everyone
joushi
noun
  1. boss
gaman
noun, suru verb
  1. endurance
ittekimasu
expression
  1. I'm off; see you later
dekakeru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be going out
gyuunyuu
noun
  1. (cow's) milk
kau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to buy
kotoshi
adverbial noun, noun (temporal)
  1. this year
natsu
adverbial noun, noun (temporal)
  1. summer
dokoka
expression, noun, adverb
  1. somewhere
iku
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go
ryokou
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. travel; trip
samui
i adjective
  1. cold (e.g. weather)
watashi
pronoun, no adjective
  1. I
tebukuro
noun
  1. glove
kashiteageru
ichidan verb
  1. to lend (e.g. money)
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Kanji

Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. above, up
Readings
Kun'yomi: あ.げる、-あ.がり、-あ.がる、-あ.げる、-うえ、よ.す、あ.がり、あ.がる、うえ、かみ、うわ-、のぼ.す、のぼ.り、のぼ.る、のぼ.せる。
On'yomi: ジョウ、ショウ、シャン。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. large, big
Readings
Kun'yomi: おお、おお.きい、おお.いに、もと、まさる、ひろし、はじめ、とも、たかし、おう、わ、うふ、-おお.いに、おお-。
On'yomi: ダイ、ダ、タイ、タ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. in, inside, middle, mean, center
Readings
Kun'yomi: なか、うち、あた.る。
On'yomi: チュウ、ジュウ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hand
Readings
Kun'yomi: -て、て、た-、て-。
On'yomi: ズ、シュ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exit, leave, go out, come out, put out, protrude
Readings
Kun'yomi: -で、-だ.す、だ.す、で.る、い.だす、い.でる。
On'yomi: スイ、シュツ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. year, counter for years
Readings
Kun'yomi: とし、ね。
On'yomi: ネン、デン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. now
Readings
Kun'yomi: いま。
On'yomi: コン、キン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand, know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/100
Readings
Kun'yomi: わ.け、わ.かつ、わ.かる、わ.ける、わ.かれる。
On'yomi: ブ、フン、ブン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. cut, cutoff, be sharp
Readings
Kun'yomi: き.る、き.れる、-き.り、-き.る、-き.れ、-ぎ.り、-ぎ.れ、-き.れる、き.り、き.れ。
On'yomi: セチ、サイ、セツ、セイ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. cow
Readings
Kun'yomi: うし。
On'yomi: ゴ、グ、ギュウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. oneself
Readings
Kun'yomi: みずか.ら、おの.ずから、より、おの.ずと。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. going, journey
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.く、ゆ.く、おこな.う、おこな.い、C、-い.き、-ゆ.き、-いき、-ゆき、おこ.なう。
On'yomi: C、A、ゴウ、コウ、アン、ヒン、A、ギョウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. know, wisdom
Readings
Kun'yomi: し.る、し.らせる。
On'yomi: チ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. behind, back, later
Readings
Kun'yomi: うし.ろ、おく.れる、のち、あと、うしろ。
On'yomi: グ、コウ、ゴ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. summer
Readings
Kun'yomi: なつ。
On'yomi: カ、ガ、ゲ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. house, home, family, professional, expert, performer
Readings
Kun'yomi: いえ、や、うち。
On'yomi: ケ、ク、カ、コ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. association, braid, plait, construct, assemble, unite, cooperate, grapple
Readings
Kun'yomi: くみ、く.む、-ぐみ。
On'yomi: ス、ソ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. location, place
Readings
Kun'yomi: ば。
On'yomi: ジョウ、チョウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. buy
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.う。
On'yomi: メ、バイ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Readings
Kun'yomi: ば.ける、け.する、ば.かす、ふ.ける。
On'yomi: ケ、カ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. generation, world, society, public
Readings
Kun'yomi: よ、さんじゅう、ゆ、ゆき、とし。
On'yomi: セ、セイ、ソウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. attend, doing, official, serve
Readings
Kun'yomi: つか.える。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. trip, travel
Readings
Kun'yomi: たび。
On'yomi: ロ、リョ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. advance, proceed, progress, promote
Readings
Kun'yomi: すす.む、すす.める、のぶ。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. cold
Readings
Kun'yomi: さむ.い、さむ.さ。
On'yomi: ガン、カン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. negative, non-, bad, ugly, clumsy
Readings
On'yomi: ブ、フ、ホチ、フウ、フツ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. director, official, govt office, rule, administer
Readings
Kun'yomi: つかさ、つかさど.る。
On'yomi: ス、シ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Readings
Kun'yomi: おさ.める、おさ.まる、なお.す、なお.る。
On'yomi: ジ、チ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. unusual, change, strange
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.(わ)る、か.える、か.わり、か.わる。
On'yomi: ヘン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. full, fullness, enough, satisfy
Readings
Kun'yomi: み.ちる、み.たす、み.つ、みち、みつ、みつる、ま。
On'yomi: マン、バン。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. resign, word, term, expression
Readings
Kun'yomi: や.める、いな.む。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. politics, government
Readings
Kun'yomi: まつりごと、まん。
On'yomi: ショウ、セイ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. lend
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.す、か.し、かし、か.し-、かし-。
On'yomi: タイ。
Stroke Count
18 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. post, employment, work
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと。
On'yomi: シキ、ショク、ソク。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. ego, I, selfish, our, oneself
Readings
Kun'yomi: われ、わ、わ.が-、わが-。
On'yomi: ガ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. private, I, me
Readings
Kun'yomi: わたくし、わたし、わたくし.する、わし、ひそ.か。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. milk, breasts
Readings
Kun'yomi: ちち、ち。
On'yomi: ニュウ、ジュ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. all, everything
Readings
Kun'yomi: みな、みんな、むな。
On'yomi: ケ、カイ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sack, bag, pouch
Readings
Kun'yomi: ふくろ、ない、ぶく、てい。
On'yomi: ダイ、タイ。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. ridicule, laziness
Readings
On'yomi: マン、メン、バン。

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