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Learn Japanese with Anime - She’s Asleep Standing Up!!!

7 Sentences|25 Words|18 Kanji

Learn Japanese with Anime - She’s Asleep Standing Up!!!

In this video we’re going to analyse Anzu’s quote from Hinamatsuri (anime scene edited).

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Analysis

まま following a verb ta-form means “while doing something” or “in a certain state”.

立った is the ta-form of a verb 立つ meaning “to stand up” so 立ったまま means “while standing up”.

There is a similar word to まま which is ながら. It’s also translated as “while doing something“ but they are not usually interchangeable.

ながら following the stem of a verb masu-form is used when two actions take place at the same time, whereas まま is used for an ongoing state that exists while the main action is taking place. So 立ったまま寝てる shows that she is in the state of standing up while doing the main action.

Lastly, 寝てる is more casual than 寝ている which consists of the te-form of a verb 寝る meaning “to sleep” and a subsidiary verb いる meaning “to stay still”. A verb te-form followed by いる describes a continuing state resulting from the earlier action. So you fall asleep (寝る) and the state of sleeping is continuing (寝ている) at the time of statement.

Anzu’s Quote

She’s asleep standing up!!!

Verb Ta-Form + まま (while …ing/in a certain state)

Please listen sitting down.
I unintentionally fell asleep with my contacts in.
My mother always eats breakfast with her pyjamas on.

Verb Te-Form + いる (Continuing State)

A car is stopped at a traffic light.
Keep quiet for a moment.
While praying, I always keep my eyes closed.
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Vocabulary

tatsu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to stand
neru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to sleep (lying down)
suwaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to sit
kiku
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to listen (e.g. to music)
kudasai
expression
  1. (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
kontakuto
noun, suru verb
  1. contact lens
tsukeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to wear; to put on
shimau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to do something completely
pajama
noun, no adjective
  1. pyjamas
kiru
ichidan verb
  1. to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down)
asagohan
noun
  1. breakfast
taberu
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to eat
shingou
noun, suru verb
  1. traffic lights
tomaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to stop
iru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
damaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be silent
oinori
noun, suru verb
  1. prayer
chuu
suffix
  1. during (a certain time when one did or is doing something)
tojiru
ichidan verb
  1. to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.)
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Kanji

Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. in, inside, middle, mean, center
Readings
Kun'yomi: なか、うち、あた.る。
On'yomi: チュウ、ジュウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. eye, class, look, insight, experience, care, favor
Readings
Kun'yomi: -め、め、ま-。
On'yomi: ボク、モク。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. stand up, rise, set up, erect
Readings
Kun'yomi: た.つ、た.てる、だて、たつ、たっ、だ.てる、たて、た.ち、つい、たち、-た.つ、-た.て、-だ.て、-た.てる、-だ.てる、た.ち-、た.て-、たて-。
On'yomi: リツ、リュウ、リットル。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. car
Readings
Kun'yomi: くるま。
On'yomi: シャ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. stop, halt
Readings
Kun'yomi: と.まる、と.める、とど.まる、とど.める、や.める、や.む、よ.す、-さ.し、-さ.す、-ど.め、-や.む、-と.める、-ど.まり、とど.め。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. mama, mother
Readings
Kun'yomi: はは、も。
On'yomi: ボ、ム、モ、ボウ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. eat, food
Readings
Kun'yomi: た.べる、く.う、く.らう、は.む、やしな.う。
On'yomi: イ、ジキ、ジ、ショク、シ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. morning, dynasty, regime, epoch, period, (North) Korea
Readings
Kun'yomi: あさ。
On'yomi: チョウ、ジョウ。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hear, ask, listen
Readings
Kun'yomi: き.く、き.こえる。
On'yomi: ブン、モン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. nickname, number, item, title, pseudonym, name, call
Readings
Kun'yomi: さけ.ぶ、よびな。
On'yomi: ゴウ、コウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. don, arrive, wear, counter for suits of clothing
Readings
Kun'yomi: き.る、き.せる、つ.く、つ.ける、ぎ、-ぎ、-き.せ。
On'yomi: ジャク、チャク。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. adhere, attach, refer to, append
Readings
Kun'yomi: つ.く、つ.ける、づき、づ.き、つき、つ.き、づ.く、づけ、づ.け、づ.ける、つけ、-つ.き、-つ.け、-づ.き、-づ.く、-づ.け、-つ.ける、-づ.ける、-つき、-づき、-づけ、つ.け、つ.け-。
On'yomi: フ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. faith, truth, fidelity, trust
Readings
Kun'yomi: のぶ、まこと。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. squat, seat, cushion, gathering, sit
Readings
Kun'yomi: すわ.る、くら、すわ.り。
On'yomi: ザ、サ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. closed, shut
Readings
Kun'yomi: と.じる、と.ざす、し.める、し.まる、た.てる。
On'yomi: ハイ、ヘイ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. pray, wish
Readings
Kun'yomi: いの.る、れい、のり。
On'yomi: ギ、ゲ、キ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. lie down, sleep, rest, bed, remain unsold
Readings
Kun'yomi: ね.る、ね.かす、い.ぬ、みたまや、や.める。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. silence, become silent, stop speaking, leave as is
Readings
Kun'yomi: だま.る、もだ.す。
On'yomi: モク、ボク。

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