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Learn Japanese with Anime - Words Are Like Knives

18 Sentences|77 Words|69 Kanji

Learn Japanese with Anime - Words Are Like Knives

In this video we’re going to analyse Conan’s quote from Detective Conan (Meitantei Conan/Case Closed).

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Analysis

言葉は刃物なんだ

言葉 means “words”.

は is the particle that indicates the topic of the sentence.

刃物 means “bladed objects”, “cutting tools” or “knives”.

ん is the broken version of the particle の, and when it’s used with the auxiliary verb だ, it expresses the speaker’s strong declaration based on a certain reason or background. It’s often used when explaining something to convince the listener.

It can be attached to a verb or i-adjective such as;

  • 僕は行く (Verb) んだ! meaning “I’m going!”
  • ここのラーメンはおいしい (I-adjective) んだ meaning “the ramen here is delicious”

But when it’s attached to a noun or na-adjective you need to add な before んだ such as;

  • 犯人は俺 (noun) なんだ meaning “the culprit is me”.
  • この仕事は大変 (na-adjective) なんだ meaning “this job is hard”.

刃物 is a noun so な is added before んだ.

So 言葉は刃物なんだ directly means “words are knives” in an convincing way, but since it’s a metaphor we translate it as “words are like knives”.

使い方を間違えると厄介な凶器になる

There are two clauses in this sentence. 使い方を間違えると is the subordinate clause and 厄介な凶器になる is the main clause.

The stem of a verb masu-form followed by 方 means “how to do something” or “the way of doing something”. 使い is the stem of the verb 使います meaning “to use” so 使い方 means “how to use” or “the way of using”.

“Something を間違える” means “to get something wrong”.

And “The conjunction particle と following a verb dictionary form” means “if one does something”.

So the subordinate clause 使い方を間違えると directly means “if you get the way of using wrong” so it can be translated as “if you use them the wrong way”.

厄介な is a na-adjective meaning “troublesome” which is used for something causing a lot of problems. And it modifies the following word 凶器 meaning “murder weapons”. So 厄介な凶器 can be translated as “dangerous weapons”.

And “something になる” means “to become or turn into something”.

So the main clause 厄介な凶器になる means “they will turn into dangerous weapons”.

Conan’s Quote

Words are like knives. If you use them the wrong way, they can turn into dangerous weapons.

Noun A は Noun B なんだ (“A is B”)

This dog is sick. Please give him good care.
This stone is a power stone. If you have it, something good will happen.

〜を間違える (to get something wrong)

I took the wrong way and I got lost.
It’s rude to get someone’s name wrong.

Verb Dictionary-Form +と (if)

This flower will die if you give it too much water.
If I tell you now, you might get confused so I’ll tell you later.

NOTE: Difference Between と, ば, たら and なら (if one does/doesn’t do something)

Verb Dictionary-Form/Nai-Form + と

  • expresses general truths/constant results (if “A” happens, “B” will unavoidably happen) such as natural phenomenons, habitual actions, programmed actions, etc.
  • can also express one’s discovery following a certain action in the past
  • cannot express one’s volition, invitations, requests, commands, etc.
If you heat up ice, it melts.
If I don’t drink hot milk, I can’t sleep.
If you press this button, the door will open.
I went to the supermarket to find it was closed.

Verb Conditional-Form + ば

  • expresses general truths/constant result (can be substituted for と)
  • can also express hypothetical conditions (if “A” happens (hypothesis), “B” will happen)
  • basically cannot express one’s volition, invitations, requests, commands, etc.
If the typhoon comes, the school will be closed.

*EXCEPTION: if the subject of each clause was different, or if the condition “A” is the state of being, it can express one’s volition, invitations, requests, commands, etc.

If you don’t disturb me (subject: you), I will study with you (subject: I).
If you are hot (= state of being), you can turn on the air conditioner.

Verb Ta-Form + ら

  • expresses hypothetical conditions and actual conditions (when “A” happens “B” will happen)
  • can also express one’s discovery following a certain action in the past (can be substituted for と but たら is more casual)
  • can express one’s volition, invitations, requests, commands, etc.
  • can be widely used to express “if”
If you had a million yen, what would you use it for?
When the next lesson finishes, let’s go buy coffee.
I went to the supermarket to find it was closed.

Verb Plain-Form + なら

  • used to make someone’s statement provided before into a condition
Your sister: I’m going to the library. You: If you’re going to the library, can you return this book for me?
Romaji Hide|Add all to ▼

Vocabulary

kotoba
noun
  1. words
hamono
noun
  1. edged tool
machigaeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to make a mistake (in); to commit an error (e.g. in calculation)
nanda
auxiliary
  1. it is assuredly that ...; can say with confidence that ...
tsukaikata
noun
  1. way to use something
yakkai
na adjective, noun
  1. trouble; bother
kyouki
noun
  1. dangerous weapon
kono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
inu
noun
  1. dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris)
byouki
noun, no adjective
  1. sickness
ageru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else)
chanto
adverb, noun, suru verb
  1. properly
sewa
noun, suru verb
  1. looking after
iku
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go
mayou
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to lose one's way
shimau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to do something completely
nante
suffix
  1. such as; (things) like
shitsurei
noun, suru verb, na adjective
  1. impoliteness
mizu
noun
  1. water (cold, fresh)
sugiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive
kareru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to wither (of a plant)
ima
adverbial noun, noun
  1. now
hanasu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to speak
konran
noun, suru verb
  1. confusion
kamoshirenai
expression
  1. perhaps
atode
adverb
  1. afterwards
atatameru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to warm; to heat
tokeru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to melt
hotto
na adjective, noun
  1. hot
nomu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to drink
nemuru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to sleep (not necessarily lying down)
yasumu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to take a day off
  2. to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time
osu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to push
hiraku
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to spread out; to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.)
taifuu
noun
  1. typhoon
kuru
kuru verb, intransitive verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to come (spatially or temporally)
gakkou
noun
  1. school
yasumi
noun
  1. holiday; suspension
jama
na adjective, noun, suru verb
  1. hindrance
isshoni
adverb
  1. together (with)
benkyou
noun, suru verb
  1. study
atsui
i adjective
  1. hot (weather, etc.)
kuuraa
noun
  1. cooler; air conditioner
tsukeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to turn on
temoii
expression, i adjective
  1. indicates permission
manen
noun
  1. 10000 yen
nani
interjection, pronoun, no adjective
  1. what
tsukau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to use (time, money, etc.)
tsugi
noun, no adjective
  1. next
jugyou
noun, suru verb
  1. lesson
owaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to finish
koohii
noun, no adjective
  1. coffee
imouto
noun
  1. younger sister
toshokan
noun
  1. library
ittekuru
kuru verb
  1. to go (and then come back)
nara
auxiliary
  1. if it is the case that
kaesu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to return (something)
kureru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to do for one
Add all to ▼

Kanji

Stroke Count
1 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. one, one radical (no.1)
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、ひと.つ、はじめ、てん、かづ、かつ、いる、まこと、かず、おさむ、か、かた、くに、さね、すすむ、たか、ただ、ち、のぶ、はじむ、ひ、ひじ、ひで、ひとし、まさし、もと、もろ、ひと-。
On'yomi: イチ、イツ。
Stroke Count
2 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. person
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、-と、-り。
On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. circle, yen, round
Readings
Kun'yomi: まど、まる、まど.か、まる.い、まろ.やか。
On'yomi: エン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. water
Readings
Kun'yomi: みず、みづ、み、みず-。
On'yomi: スイ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. dog
Readings
Kun'yomi: いぬ、いぬ-。
On'yomi: ケン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと。
On'yomi: ホン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. stone
Readings
Kun'yomi: いし。
On'yomi: コク、シャク、ジャク、セキ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. rest, day off, retire, sleep
Readings
Kun'yomi: やす.む、やす.まる、やす.める。
On'yomi: キュウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. name, noted, distinguished, reputation
Readings
Kun'yomi: な、-な。
On'yomi: ミョウ、メイ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. spirit, mind, air, atmosphere, mood
Readings
Kun'yomi: いき。
On'yomi: ケ、キ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. flower
Readings
Kun'yomi: はな、わ。
On'yomi: ケ、カ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. study, learning, science
Readings
Kun'yomi: まな.ぶ、まな、まなぶ。
On'yomi: ガク。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exam, school, printing, proof, correction
Readings
Kun'yomi: かせ。
On'yomi: ギョウ、キョウ、コウ。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. ten thousand, 10,000
Readings
Kun'yomi: よろず。
On'yomi: マン、モン、バン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. now
Readings
Kun'yomi: いま。
On'yomi: コン、キン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. direction, person, alternative
Readings
Kun'yomi: かた、まさ、-かた、-がた。
On'yomi: ホウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. pedestal, a stand, counter for machines and vehicles
Readings
Kun'yomi: うてな、しもべ、つかさ、ゆろこぶ、われ、だい、もと。
On'yomi: タイ、ダイ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. going, journey
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.く、ゆ.く、おこな.う、おこな.い、C、-い.き、-ゆ.き、-いき、-ゆき、おこ.なう。
On'yomi: C、A、ゴウ、コウ、アン、ヒン、A、ギョウ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. what
Readings
Kun'yomi: なに、なん、あが、なに.の、なん.の、なん.ぞ、いず.れ、なに-、なん-。
On'yomi: ガ、カ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. map, drawing, plan, unexpected, accidentally
Readings
Kun'yomi: はか.る、え。
On'yomi: ズ、ト。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. come, due, next, cause, become
Readings
Kun'yomi: く.る、き、こ、き.たす、き.たる、きた.す、きた.る。
On'yomi: ライ、タイ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. say
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.う、こと。
On'yomi: ゴン、ゲン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. younger sister
Readings
Kun'yomi: いもうと。
On'yomi: マイ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. in front, before
Readings
Kun'yomi: まえ、さき、-まえ。
On'yomi: ゼン、セン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. behind, back, later
Readings
Kun'yomi: うし.ろ、おく.れる、のち、あと、うしろ。
On'yomi: グ、コウ、ゴ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. wind, air, style, manner
Readings
Kun'yomi: -かぜ、かぜ、かざ-。
On'yomi: フ、フウ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. write
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.く、-が.き、-がき。
On'yomi: ショ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. strong
Readings
Kun'yomi: つよ.い、つよ.まる、つよ.める、し.いる、こわ.い、すね、したた.か、あなが.ち、しい.て。
On'yomi: ゴウ、キョウ、ガン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. buy
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.う。
On'yomi: メ、バイ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. road-way, street, district, journey, course, moral, teachings
Readings
Kun'yomi: みち。
On'yomi: ドウ、トウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. interval, space
Readings
Kun'yomi: あいだ、ま、あい。
On'yomi: ケン、カン。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tale, talk
Readings
Kun'yomi: はな.す、はなし。
On'yomi: ワ、エ、カ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. generation, world, society, public
Readings
Kun'yomi: よ、さんじゅう、ゆ、ゆき、とし。
On'yomi: セ、セイ、ソウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. icicle, ice, hail, freeze, congeal
Readings
Kun'yomi: こおり、ひ、こお.る。
On'yomi: ヒョウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. salute, bow, ceremony, thanks, remuneration
Readings
Kun'yomi: なり、のり、ひろし、あや。
On'yomi: ライ、レイ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. next, order, sequence
Readings
Kun'yomi: つぎ、つ.ぐ、すき、つぐ、よし。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. return, answer, fade, repay
Readings
Kun'yomi: かえ.す、かえ.る、-かえ.す、-かえ.る。
On'yomi: ヘン、ホン、ハン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. use
Readings
Kun'yomi: つか.う、つか.い、づか.い、-つか.い、-づか.い。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. thing, object, matter
Readings
Kun'yomi: もの、もの-。
On'yomi: モツ、モチ、ブツ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hold, have
Readings
Kun'yomi: も.つ、-も.ち、も.てる。
On'yomi: ジ、チ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exertion
Readings
Kun'yomi: つと.める、はげ.ます、やつ、ひこ。
On'yomi: メン、ベン。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. ill, sick
Readings
Kun'yomi: やまい、や.む、や.み、-や.み。
On'yomi: ビョウ、ヘイ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. end, finish
Readings
Kun'yomi: -お.わる、お.える、お.わる、つい、おわ.る、つい.に。
On'yomi: お.わる、お.える、シュ、シュウ、おわ.る、つい、つい.に、ばて。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sultry, hot, summer heat
Readings
Kun'yomi: あつ.い。
On'yomi: ショ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. warm
Readings
Kun'yomi: あたた.か、あたた.かい、あたた.まる、あたた.める、たず.ねる、ぬく.もる、ぬる.い、ぬく。
On'yomi: ウン、オン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. leaf, plane, lobe, needle, blade, spear, counter for flat things, fragment, piece
Readings
Kun'yomi: は。
On'yomi: ヨウ、葉県、摩訶迦葉。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. open, unfold, unseal
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひら.く、ひら.ける、ひら.き、あ.く、あけ.る、あ.き、-びら.き、あ.ける。
On'yomi: カイ、ケ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. drink, smoke, take
Readings
Kun'yomi: の.む、の.み、-の.み。
On'yomi: オン、イン。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. business, vocation, arts, performance
Readings
Kun'yomi: わざ、のぶ、なり。
On'yomi: ゴウ、ギョウ。
Stroke Count
16 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. building, mansion, large building, palace
Readings
Kun'yomi: やかた、たて、たち。
On'yomi: カン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. lose, error, fault, disadvantage, loss
Readings
Kun'yomi: うしな.う、う.せる。
On'yomi: シチ、シツ。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set
Readings
Kun'yomi: うつわ。
On'yomi: キ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. astray, be perplexed, in doubt, lost, err, illusion
Readings
Kun'yomi: まよ.う。
On'yomi: メイ、マイ、ベイ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. impart, instruct, grant, confer
Readings
Kun'yomi: さず.ける、さず.かる。
On'yomi: ジュ、シュウ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. mix, blend, confuse
Readings
Kun'yomi: ま.じる、ま.ざる、ま.ぜる、こ.む、ま.じり、-ま.じり。
On'yomi: コン、ゴン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. overdo, exceed, go beyond, error
Readings
Kun'yomi: す.ぎる、す.ごす、あやま.つ、あやま.ち、-す.ぎ、-す.ぎる、よ.ぎる。
On'yomi: カ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. riot, war, disorder, disturb
Readings
Kun'yomi: みだ.れる、みだ.す、みだ.る、おさ.める、わた.る、ら、みだ。
On'yomi: ロン、ラン。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. blade, sword, edge
Readings
Kun'yomi: は、やいば、き.る、と、ち。
On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. jammed in, shellfish, mediate, concern oneself with
Readings
Kun'yomi: ゆき、すけ。
On'yomi: ケ、カイ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. villain, evil, bad luck, disaster
Readings
On'yomi: キョウ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, disaster
Readings
On'yomi: ヤク、アク。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. push, stop, check, subdue, attach, seize, weight, shove, press, seal, do in spite of
Readings
Kun'yomi: お.す、お.さえる、お.し、お.っ、おさ.える、おす、おや、おし、お.し-、お.っ-。
On'yomi: キョウ、ヨウ、オウ、コウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. wicked, injustice, wrong
Readings
Kun'yomi: よこし.ま。
On'yomi: ヤ、ジャ、シャ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. wither, die, dry up, be seasoned
Readings
Kun'yomi: か.れる、か.らす。
On'yomi: ク、コ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sleep, die, sleepy
Readings
Kun'yomi: ねむ.い、ねむ.る。
On'yomi: ミン、メン、ベン。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. melt, dissolve, thaw
Readings
Kun'yomi: と.ける、と.かす、と.く。
On'yomi: ユウ、ヨウ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. difference, differ
Readings
Kun'yomi: ちが.う、ちが.える、たが.う、たが.える、-ちが.える、ちが.い。
On'yomi: イ。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. thong, beginning, inception, end, cord, strap
Readings
Kun'yomi: お、いとぐち、ほ。
On'yomi: チョ、ジョ、ショ。
Stroke Count
21 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. witch, demon, evil spirit
Readings
On'yomi: マ、バ。

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