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Learn Japanese with Anime - Your Name Is…

7 Sentences|22 Words|15 Kanji Easy Peasy Japanesey »

Learn Japanese with Anime - Your Name Is…

Posted by flint over 4 years ago

In this video we’re going to analyse Taki and Mitsuha’s quote from Your Name (Kimi no Na wa).

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Analysis

君 means “you” which is used when a person speaks to the second person in a lower status such as a teacher to a student, or someone equal such as friends or couples. Although you often hear it in songs, manga or anime, you hardly hear it in a real conversation as it sounds a bit cheesy and old-fashioned.

名前 means “name”.

The の particle is used to connect two nouns where the first noun modifies the second. In this case it is used as a possessor so the first noun possesses the second noun which makes 君の名前 mean “your name”.

The は particle in a question shows what comes before is the topic you want to know about. So the rest of the sentence is often omitted because you can guess what’s being asked.

Actually, in this scene the last part is omitted for all the sentences. But you can guess each part with the particles and the context. So Taki says 俺、君をどこかで – the verb used with を in this situation could be 見た which means “I saw you somewhere” or it could be 知っている which means “I know you from somewhere” but I would choose 知っている as the two have a stronger connection than just “having seen each other before”. And for Mitsuha, 私も – the particle も means “too or also” so It would be 私も君をどこかで知っている meaning “I also know you from somewhere”.

As you can see, Japanese people tend to leave sentences unfinished. This is because Japan has a guess culture which is also called a high-context culture that relies mainly on non-verbal, implicit communication. So there are many things you have to guess from the context, personal relationships, traditions, and so on. Also, less talking or indirectness is considered an admirable quality in communication in Japan. So if Taki and Mitsuha said whole sentences, they would have sounded too direct and frank without any humbleness which many Japanese people tend not to prefer.

Sentences

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Quote

Your name is…

の (possessor)

My boyfriend is living in his company’s dormitory.
My house is a bit far from the station.
Whose pen is this? – Oh, it’s mine.
NOTE

The second noun can be omitted when it has already been mentioned.

は (used to ask about the topic without a predicate)

(Where is) my cake?
(How was) the result of the test?
(What happened to) your mum?

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
a
interjection
  1. ah (expression of surprise, recollection, etc.)
okaasan
noun
  1. mother
kaisha
noun
  1. company
kara
particle
  1. from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity)
kimi
pronoun
  1. you (also used colloquially by young females)
kekka
noun, suru verb
  1. result
sumu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to live (of humans); to reside
dare
pronoun
  1. who (だあれ is emphatic or inquisitive)
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive (occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)

Kanji

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Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. who, someone, somebody
Readings
Kun'yomi: だれ、たれ、た。
On'yomi: ズイ、スイ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. mama, mother
Readings
Kun'yomi: はは、も。
On'yomi: ボ、ム、モ、ボウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. name, noted, distinguished, reputation
Readings
Kun'yomi: な、-な。
On'yomi: ミョウ、メイ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. in front, before
Readings
Kun'yomi: まえ、さき、-まえ。
On'yomi: ゼン、セン。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join
Readings
Kun'yomi: あ.う、あ.わせる、あつ.まる。
On'yomi: エ、ケ、カイ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. dwell, reside, live, inhabit
Readings
Kun'yomi: す.む、す.まう、ず.まい、すみ、し、-ず.まい。
On'yomi: ジュウ、チュウ、ヂュウ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. company, firm, office, association, shrine
Readings
Kun'yomi: やしろ、くみあい、あり、こそ、たか。
On'yomi: ジャ、シャ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. private, I, me
Readings
Kun'yomi: わたくし、わたし、わたくし.する、わし、ひそ.か。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. house, home, family, professional, expert, performer
Readings
Kun'yomi: いえ、や、うち。
On'yomi: ケ、ク、カ、コ。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. station
Readings
Kun'yomi: うまや。
On'yomi: ヤク、エキ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. old boy, name-suffix
Readings
Kun'yomi: きみ、-ぎみ。
On'yomi: クン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. he, that, the
Readings
Kun'yomi: か、かれ、か.の、かの。
On'yomi: ヒ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. fruit, reward, carry out, achieve, complete, end, finish, succeed
Readings
Kun'yomi: は.たす、は.てる、は.て、は.たして、おお.せる、-は.たす、-は.てる、はた.す。
On'yomi: カ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. distant, far
Readings
Kun'yomi: とお.い、おに、ど、どお。
On'yomi: オン、エン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tie, bind, contract, join, organize, do up hair, fasten
Readings
Kun'yomi: むす.ぶ、ゆ.う、ゆ.わえる、ゆう、ゆい。
On'yomi: ケチ、ケツ。

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