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Learn Japanese with Anime - If We See Each Other, We’ll Know (Your Name)

19 Sentences|74 Words|65 Kanji Easy Peasy Japanesey »

Learn Japanese with Anime - If We See Each Other, We’ll Know (Your Name)

Posted by EasyPeasyJapanesey about 3 months ago

In this video we’re going to analyse Mitsuha's quote from Your Name (君の名は, Kimi no Na wa).

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Analysis

確かなことが一つだけある

確か is a na-adjective meaning “certain”, modifying the noun こと meaning “thing”. When a na-adjective modifies the following noun, the hiragana な should be attached. That’s why it’s called a “na” adjective. So 確かなこと means “certain thing” or “something certain”.

Something (noun) が (particle) ある (verb) means “something exists” or “there is something”.

And you can add the quantities between が and ある. In this case, the quantity is 一つ. The numeral in kanji read as ひと represents “one” and it’s followed by the counter suffix つ which is used to count general things or abstract things.

And it’s followed by だけ (particle) meaning “only” so 確かなことが一つだけある means “there is only one certain thing”.

私たちは会えば絶対すぐにわかる.

私たち (pronoun) means “we”.

The は particle shows the preceding word 私たち is the topic in this sentence.

会えば means “if (we) meet”. It’s the conditional form of the verb 会う meaning “to meet”. To make a verb conditional form, take the plain form of the verb and switch the last hiragana which is from the う-line to the え-line (う→え)and attach ば. So the conditional form of 会う is 会えば.

絶対 (adverb) means “definitely”.

すぐに (adverb) means “immediately”.

わかる (verb) means “to know, find out or figure out” used when you finally understand something or someone.

There are two adverbs in a row followed by the verb, but each adverb affects different things. すぐに (immediately) simply modifies the following verb わかる which makes “(we’ll) know immediately”. And 絶対 (definitely) affects the whole すぐにわかる part so it’s like “it is definite that we’ll know immediately”.

So 私たちは会えば絶対すぐにわかる directly means “if we meet, it is definite that we’ll know immediately”.

Note

すぐに can be replaced with すぐ when used to mean “immediately” or “soon”.

()()()()()()()()()(でん)()して。
Call me as soon as you arrive.

すぐ can also express “short distance”. In this usage, it cannot be replaced with すぐに.

(えき)()()すぐに()()です。

The station is right there.

Sentences

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Mitsuha’s Quote

One thing is certain. If we see each other, we'll definitely know.

こと (“thing” that is abstract and intangible)

Today, I have many things to do.
What made you happiest today?
Forget about bad things and let's enjoy.

Noun + が + Quantities + ある (there is/are)

There is one boiled egg in the refrigerator.
There are two things that I want you to promise.
There are many books that I want to read.

Verb Conditional ば (if)

If you go straight this way, you'll reach the station.
If you go to bed early, you can wake up early.
If you submit the report by tomorrow, you won't have any problems.

NOTE

ば conditional sentences have the following rules.

1. it’s used to express general truths, constant results, hypothetical conditions, and proverbs

If the spring comes, cherry blossoms will bloom.
ば conditional used to express general truth/constant result.
If I finish work early, I'll go.
ば conditional used to express a hypothetical condition.
Home is where you make it.
ば conditional used in a proverb, literally: once you live, it’s the city.

2. the predicate in the main clause cannot be the speaker’s volition, invitations, requests, commands, etc.

Except:
– when the subject is different in each clause
– when the if-clause has a stative predicate such as adjectives, stative verbs (ある, いる, できる, etc), potential verbs, etc.

If you arrive at the station, please call me.
[WRONG] 駅に着けば、電話してください (ば conditional may not be used as it is a request).
If she wants, I want to marry her.
Different subject in each clause, so ば conditional may be used.
If you are cold, please turn on the heater.
Stative predicate in the if-clause, so ば conditional may be used.

3. it cannot be used for the single factual event in the past. However, it can be used for the habitual event or counterfactual event in the past

When I went home yesterday, my mother made me some tea.
[WRONG] 昨日、家に帰れば、母がお茶を淹れてくれた (ば conditional may not be used as it is single factual event, 帰ると/帰ったら is OK)
When I went home, my mother always used to make me some tea.
ば conditional used for a habitual event.
If it had been cheaper, I would have bought it.
ば conditional used for a counterfactual event.

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
au
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to meet (逢う is often used for close friends, etc. and may be associated with drama or pathos; 遭う may have an undesirable nuance)
ashita
noun, adverb
  1. tomorrow
aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist (usu. of inanimate objects)
iku
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go
ichiban
noun, no adjective
  1. number one
adverb
  1. best; most
ikko
noun
  1. one (object)
ireru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to make (tea, coffee, etc.)
okiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to wake up
ocha
noun
  1. tea (usu. green)
owaru
godan verb, intransitive verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to finish
kau
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to buy (in western Japan, 買う conjugates euphonically as こうた, こうて, etc.)
kaeru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to return; to go home
kanojo
noun
  1. girlfriend
kinou
noun, adverb
  1. yesterday
kyou
noun, adverb
  1. today

Kanji

Display Default|Add to ▼
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
Add to ▼
English Meaning
  1. boil, seethe
Readings
Kun'yomi: ゆ.でる、う.でる。
On'yomi: ニョ、ジョ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
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English Meaning
  1. dip, soak, immerse, stop, linger
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.れる。
On'yomi: エン、オン。
Stroke Count
1 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. one, one radical (no.1)
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、ひと.つ、はじめ、てん、かづ、かつ、いる、まこと、かず、おさむ、か、かた、くに、さね、すすむ、たか、ただ、ち、のぶ、はじむ、ひ、ひじ、ひで、ひとし、まさし、もと、もろ、ひと-。
On'yomi: イチ、イツ。
Stroke Count
2 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. two, two radical (no.2)
Readings
Kun'yomi: ふた、ふた.つ、ふたた.び。
On'yomi: ニ、ジ。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. woman, female
Readings
Kun'yomi: おんな、め、をとめ、むすめ、なんじ。
On'yomi: ニョウ、ニョ、ジョ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. now
Readings
Kun'yomi: いま。
On'yomi: コン、キン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. day, sun, Japan, counter for days
Readings
Kun'yomi: -か、-び、ひ。
On'yomi: ジツ、ニチ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exit, leave, go out, come out, put out, protrude
Readings
Kun'yomi: -で、-だ.す、だ.す、で.る、い.だす、い.でる。
On'yomi: スイ、シュツ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと。
On'yomi: ホン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. mama, mother
Readings
Kun'yomi: はは、も。
On'yomi: ボ、ム、モ、ボウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. going, journey
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.く、ゆ.く、おこな.う、おこな.い、C、-い.き、-ゆ.き、-いき、-ゆき、おこ.なう。
On'yomi: C、A、ゴウ、コウ、アン、ヒン、A、ギョウ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. what
Readings
Kun'yomi: なに、なん、あが、なに.の、なん.の、なん.ぞ、いず.れ、なに-、なん-。
On'yomi: ガ、カ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. come, due, next, cause, become
Readings
Kun'yomi: く.る、き、こ、き.たす、き.たる、きた.す、きた.る。
On'yomi: ライ、タイ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tale, talk
Readings
Kun'yomi: はな.す、はなし。
On'yomi: ワ、エ、カ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. electricity
Readings
Kun'yomi: いなずま。
On'yomi: デン、テン。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. read
Readings
Kun'yomi: よ.む、よ.み、よみ、-よ.み。
On'yomi: ズ、ドク、トウ、トク。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. attend, doing, official, serve
Readings
Kun'yomi: つか.える。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join
Readings
Kun'yomi: あ.う、あ.わせる、あつ.まる。
On'yomi: エ、ケ、カイ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. relax, cheap, low, quiet, rested, contented, peaceful
Readings
Kun'yomi: やす、やす.い、やす.まる、やす.らか。
On'yomi: アン。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. early, fast
Readings
Kun'yomi: はや.い、はや.まる、はや.める、そ、さわ、さか、さ-、はや、はや-。
On'yomi: サッ、ソウ。

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