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Furigana Show|Add to ▼ Source Totoeba Project
None of us knew his decision to win the long-distance race.
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Vocabulary list

kare
pronoun
  1. he; him
noun
  1. boyfriend
ga
particle
  1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
  2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
conjunction
  1. but; however; still; and
  2. regardless of; whether (or not) (after the volitional form of a verb)
sono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. that; the (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener)
  2. part (as in "part two") (preceding a number)
interjection
  1. um ...; er ...; uh ...
choukyorisou
noun
  1. long-distance race
choukyori
noun, no adjective
  1. long distance; long haul
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
yuushou
noun, suru verb
  1. overall victory; championship
suru

Plain Presumptive Form

shiyou
suru verb (irregular)
  1. to do; to carry out; to perform
  2. to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  3. to serve as; to act as; to work as
  4. to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  5. to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as (as 〜にする,〜とする)
  6. to decide on; to choose (as 〜にする)
suru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) (as 〜がする)
  2. to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  3. to be worth; to cost
  4. to pass (of time); to elapse
suru verb (irregular), transitive verb
  1. to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B (as AをBにする)
  2. to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B (as AをBにする)
  3. to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B (as AをBにする)
  4. to feel A about B (as AをBにする)
suffix, suru verb (irregular)
  1. verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
auxiliary verb, suru verb (irregular)
  1. creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
  2. to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to (as 〜うとする,〜ようとする)
to
particle, conjunction
  1. if; when
  2. and
particle
  1. with
  2. used for quoting (thoughts, speech, etc.)
noun
  1. promoted pawn
particle
  1. indicates a question (at sentence end)
kokoro
noun
  1. mind; heart; spirit
  2. the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
ni
particle
  1. at (place, time); in; on; during
  2. to (direction, state); toward; into
  3. for (purpose)
  4. because of (reason); for; with
  5. by; from
  6. as (i.e. in the role of)
  7. per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")
  8. and; in addition to
  9. if; although
kimeru

te-form

kimete
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to decide; to choose; to determine; to make up one's mind; to resolve; to set one's heart on; to settle; to arrange; to set; to appoint; to fix
  2. to clinch (a victory); to decide (the outcome of a match)
  3. to persist in doing; to go through with
  4. to always do; to have made a habit of (as 決めている)
  5. to take for granted; to assume
  6. to dress up; to dress to kill; to dress to the nines
  7. to carry out successfully (a move in sports, a pose in dance, etc.); to succeed in doing
  8. to immobilize with a double-arm lock (in sumo, judo, etc.)
  9. to eat or drink something; to take illegal drugs
iru

Plain Past Indicative Form

ita
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be (of animate objects); to exist
  2. to stay
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to be ...-ing; to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
koto
noun
  1. thing; matter
  2. incident; occurrence; event; something serious; trouble; crisis
  3. circumstances; situation; state of affairs
  4. work; business; affair
  5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
noun, used as a suffix
  1. nominalizing suffix
  2. pretending to ...; playing make-believe ...
noun
  1. alias; also known as; otherwise known as; or (as AことB (A = alias, B = real name))
  2. necessity; need (as 〜ことはない)
  3. you should ...; I advise that you ...; it's important to ... (as 〜ことだ)
nado
particle
  1. et cetera; etc.; and the like; and so forth
  2. or something (after an approximate quote or vague suggestion)
  3. the likes of (lessening the significance or value of the previous word)
  4. for example; for instance; for one
watashitachi
pronoun
  1. we; us
watashi
pronoun
  1. I; me (slightly formal or feminine)
tachi
suffix
  1. pluralizing suffix (esp. for people and animals; formerly honorific)
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
daremo
expression
  1. everyone; anyone
  2. no one; nobody (with neg. verb)
dare
pronoun
  1. who (だあれ is emphatic or inquisitive)
mo
particle
  1. too; also; in addition; as well; (not) either (in a negative sentence)
  2. both A and B; A as well as B; neither A nor B (in a negative sentence) (as AもBも)
  3. even; as much as; as many as; as far as; as long as; no less than; no fewer than (used for emphasis or to express absence of doubt regarding a quantity, etc.)
  4. even if; even though; although; in spite of (often as 〜ても, 〜でも, 〜とも, etc.)
adverb
  1. further; more; again; another; the other
shiru

Plain Past Indicative Negative Form

shiranakatta
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to be aware of; to know; to be conscious of; to cognize; to cognise
  2. to notice; to feel
  3. to understand; to comprehend; to grasp
  4. to remember; to be acquainted with (a procedure)
  5. to experience; to go through; to learn
  6. to be acquainted with (a person); to get to know
  7. to concern

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