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Entry Details for ある

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aru
godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb

Alternate Written Forms:

[()·]
aru
[()·]
aru

English Meaning(s) for ある

godan verb (irregular), intransitive verb
  1. to be; to exist; to live (usu. of inanimate objects)
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen; to come about

Definition and Synonyms for ある

Stand be in some specified state or condition
Synonyms: ある, ある, 位置
Exist have an existence, be extant
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, いる, いる, おる, ござる, ございます, いらっしゃる, おいでなさる, おいでになる, 在す, 在す, 存する, 存在, 御座す, 御座在る
Occur to be found to exist
Synonyms: ある, みる, 見られる, 見出す
Be have life, be alive
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, いる, いる, おる, いらっしゃる, おいでなさる, おいでになる, 在す, 在す, 在世, 存する, 御座す, 生きる, 生存, 生息
Be occupy a certain position or area
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, いる, いる, おる, ござる, ございます, あらせられる, いらっしゃる, おいでなさる, おいでになる, 在す, 在す, 存する, 御座す, 御座在る
Lie originate (in)
Synonyms: ある, ある, ござる, 存在, 御座在る
Lie have a place in relation to something else
Synonyms: ある, ある, ござる, 御座在る
Unowned having no owner
Synonyms: ある, ない
Out Of motivated by
Synonyms: ある, ない, ない, なう
Come About come to pass
Synonyms: ある, 生じる, 生ずる, 生起, 発する, 発生, 行う, 行われる, 起きる, 起こる
Lie be located or situated somewhere
Synonyms: ある, ござる, いらっしゃる, 位置, 御座在る
Stand occupy a place or location, also metaphorically
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, おる, ござる, いらっしゃる, 位置, 御座在る, 立つ
Certain definite but not specified or identified
Synonyms: ある, ある, さる
One indefinite in time or position
Synonyms: ある, ある, さる
Stand be tall
Synonyms: ある, ある, ござる, 御座在る
Presence the state of being present
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, いる, いる, 出席, 存在
Lie be and remain in a particular state or condition
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, おる
Be be somewhere
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, いる, いる, おる, ござる, ございます, あらせられる, いらっしゃる, おいでなさる, おいでになる, 在す, 在す, 存する, 御座す, 御座在る
Lie occupy a certain position
Synonyms: ある, ござる, いらっしゃる, 位置, 御座在る
Presence current existence
Synonyms: ある, ある, いる, いる, いる, 出席, 存在
Stand have a height of
Synonyms: ある, ある, ござる, 御座在る
Stand copula
Synonyms: ある, ある, ござる, 御座在る

Categories ある is a member of

Come Along come into being or existence, or appear on the scene
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Be have the quality of being
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Be occupy a certain position or area
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Exist have an existence, be extant
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Being the state or fact of existing
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Measure have certain dimensions
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Stroke Order Diagrams for ある

Conjugations for ある

masu stem
ari
te-form
atte
Negative te-form
nakute
Adverbial Negative Form
naku
Plain Form
Present Indicative Form
aru
Present Indicative Negative Form
nai
Past Indicative Form
atta
Past Indicative Negative Form
nakatta
Presumptive Form
arou
Polite Form
Present Indicative Form
arimasu
Present Indicative Negative Form
arimasen
Past Indicative Form
arimashita
Past Indicative Negative Form
arimasendeshita
Presumptive Form
arimashou
Provisional Form
Present Indicative Form
areba
Present Indicative Negative Form
nakereba
Present Indicative Negative Colloquial Form
nakya
Conditional Form
Present Indicative Form
attara
Present Indicative Negative Form
nakattara
Alternative Form
Present Indicative Form
attari

Sample Sentences for ある

I don't feel like taking a walk now.
There used to be an old temple here.
Paris has a great charm for Japanese girls.
There are a lot of sights in Kyoto.
I wish I had a room of my own.

Comments for ある

If you have any questions about this entry, or would like to write a sample sentence using the vocabulary, please do so below. Your comment will appear in the forum for other users of the site to view and discuss.

Thanks Vinícius, that's a good explanation of why ありえない is not a conjugation of ある.

I'll just add that ()()()()() is actually a compound of ()() in it's masu-form (あり) and the suffix ()() in it's negative form (()()()).

Put together it forms, ()()()()()(), meaning impossible; unlikely; improbable.

 

()()() is a suffix that can be placed after the masu stem of a verb, to add a meaning of unable to, cannot, or a feeling of impossibility.

ie, ()()()()()()()() - an accident that cannot happen.

#8 Posted by flint about 3 weeks ago

Hey Madalena, tudo bem?

So, basically no. maybe you confused yourself because ありえない seems like a conjugation from ある.

But it is not. why not?

In general, there are some groups where you classify a japanese verb. these groups are Godan Verbs, Ichidan verbs or irregular verbs.

ある is a Godan Verb and あり得る (ありえる) is an Ichidan Verb.

Why is that so important? Because each group has a different method of attaching conjugational verb endings.

 

ありえる as an ichidan verb, as the rule says, you just have to cut the  and add ない to turn into negative form = ありえない

BUT, ある is an godan verb, not only this, it is an exception in godan verbs. the negative form of this particular verb (ある) is = ない

 

So, thats the difference I guess. I could explain in portuguese but english everyone does understand.

Additional informations or rectifications are welcome! 

#7 Posted by Vinícius Aguiar (心) about 3 weeks ago

is ありえない a form of this verb?

 

#6 Posted by Madalena about 4 weeks ago

Peteroehr and turtleking, did you press the conjugation button? Also, from what I hear, the 漢字 in 有る is not commonly used that much anymore.

#5 Posted by adam wolf over 8 years ago

There is an error in Provisional Form:

Present Indicative Negative
なければ nakatta

 

It should say "nakereba"

#4 Posted by Nightmare09 over 8 years ago


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