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Japanese Sentence with English Translation

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Japanese Sentence

English Translation of Sentence

She grew up in the harsh environment of New York City.
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Vocabulary list

kanojo
pronoun
  1. she; her
  2. her
  3. girl friend; girlfriend; sweetheart
ha
particle
  1. topic marker particle
  2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
  3. adds emphasis
nyuuyooku
noun
  1. New York
shi
noun, noun, used as a suffix
  1. city
no
particle
  1. indicates possessive
  2. verb and adjective nominalizer (nominaliser)
  3. substituting for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  4. indicates a confident conclusion
  5. emotional emphasis (sentence end) (fem)
  6. indicates question (sentence end)
kibishii
i adjective
  1. severe; strict; rigid; unsparing; relentless
  2. stern; austere; grave; solemn; majestic
  3. intense (cold)
kankyou
noun, no adjective
  1. environment; circumstance
de
particle
  1. indicates location of action; at; in
  2. indicates time of action
  3. indicates means of action; cause of effect; by
  4. and then; so
sodatsu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be raised (e.g. child); to be brought up; to grow (up)

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