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Learn Japanese with Anime - You Know The Basics of Combat? It’s A Preemptive Strike

7 Sentences|23 Words|16 Kanji

Learn Japanese with Anime - You Know The Basics of Combat? It’s A Preemptive Strike

In this video we’re going to analyse Faye Valentine’s quote from Cowboy Bebop.

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Analysis

を知ってる following a noun means “to know” something and the noun is 戦いの基本 meaning “the basics of combat”. 

知ってる is the shortened version of 知っている. It consists of te-form of the verb 知る meaning “to get to know” and いる, which describes an ongoing state resulting from the earlier action. So you get to know something (知る) and the state of knowing continues (知っている) as the result. It’s the same logic as 持つ (to grab) and 持っている (to have), 壊れる (to break) and 壊れている (broken). 

Here is an important tip about 知っている. The negative form of 持っている and 壊れている are respectively 持っていない (don’t have) and 壊れていない (not broken) but the negative form of 知っている is 知らない (don’t know). You will never say 知っていない.

先制攻撃 means “a preemptive strike” and the sentence ending particle よ is used when telling new information to someone. There is usually だ after a noun but it can be omitted in order to make it sound feminine, which is often used in anime.

Faye Valentine’s Quote

You know the basics of combat? It’s a preemptive strike.

知ってる (to know)

I ran into someone I know at the convenience store.
Please tell me everything you know.
Do you know how to make Japanese curry?

Sentence Ending Particle よ in Female Speech

That’s right, I am Sailor Moon.
It’s not good to be in such a rush.
That hair style is very lovely.
Romaji Hide|Add all to ▼

Vocabulary

shiru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to know
tatakau
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to fight; to battle
kihon
noun, no adjective
  1. foundation; basis
senseikougeki
noun
  1. preemptive attack (strike)
konbini
noun
  1. convenience store
battari
adverb
  1. with a clash (thud); suddenly; unexpectedly
au
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to meet
zenbu
adverbial noun, noun (temporal), no adjective
  1. all; entire
hanasu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to speak
kudasai
expression
  1. (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
nihon
noun
  1. Japan
tsukurikata
noun
  1. way of making
watashi
pronoun, no adjective
  1. I
sonnani
expression
  1. like that
aseru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to be in a hurry
dame
na adjective, noun
  1. no good
sono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener)
kamigata
noun
  1. hairdo
sugoku
adverb
  1. very
suteki
na adjective
  1. lovely; fantastic
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Kanji

Stroke Count
2 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. person
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、-と、-り。
On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. day, sun, Japan, counter for days
Readings
Kun'yomi: -か、-び、ひ。
On'yomi: ジツ、ニチ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと。
On'yomi: ホン。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. before, ahead, previous, future, precedence
Readings
Kun'yomi: さき、ま.ず。
On'yomi: セン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. direction, person, alternative
Readings
Kun'yomi: かた、まさ、-かた、-がた。
On'yomi: ホウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join
Readings
Kun'yomi: あ.う、あ.わせる、あつ.まる。
On'yomi: エ、ケ、カイ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. make, production, prepare, build
Readings
Kun'yomi: つく.る、づくり、つく.り、づく.り、な.す、くり、まさか、あり、つくり、つくる、とも、なお、なり、ふか、-づく.り。
On'yomi: サク、サ、サッ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. know, wisdom
Readings
Kun'yomi: し.る、し.らせる。
On'yomi: チ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tale, talk
Readings
Kun'yomi: はな.す、はなし。
On'yomi: ワ、エ、カ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. whole, entire, all, complete, fulfill
Readings
Kun'yomi: すべ.て、まった.く。
On'yomi: ゼン、セン。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. section, bureau, dept, class, copy, part, portion, counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
Readings
Kun'yomi: へ、べ、-べ。
On'yomi: フ、ブ、ホ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. mould, type, model
Readings
Kun'yomi: かた、がた、-がた。
On'yomi: ギョウ、ケイ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. war, battle, match
Readings
Kun'yomi: いくさ、たたか.う、おのの.く、そよぐ、わなな.く。
On'yomi: セン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. system, law, rule
Readings
On'yomi: セ、セイ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. private, I, me
Readings
Kun'yomi: わたくし、わたし、わたくし.する、わし、ひそ.か。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hair of the head
Readings
Kun'yomi: かみ、ひげ、がた。
On'yomi: ホチ、ハツ。

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