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Learn Japanese with Anime - But I Refuse

8 Sentences|31 Words|41 Kanji

Learn Japanese with Anime - But I Refuse

In this video we’re going to analyse Rohan Kishibe’s quote from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (Jojo no Kimyou na Bouken).

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Analysis

だが is a conjunction meaning “but” or “however”. It can be replaced with でも which is usually used in casual and colloquial speech by both males and females. On the other hand, だが sounds more like written language and it’s often used by males.

断る means “to refuse”, which is the dictionary form of 断ります. By ending a sentence with the dictionary form without any sentence ending particles such as よ or ね, he’s expressing his strong decision and declaration.

This phrase is so popular that it has become the subject of many parodies. So I will introduce how to use だが断る in a proper situation.

In this scene, Rohan being held hostage is told that if he sacrifices Josuke, his life will be spared. So he once pretends that he is inclined to do that, but then he says “NO” to astonish the enemy who was certain that the answer would be “YES”.

So it is used towards someone who gives you a very attractive offer when you are desperate, believing that you will say “YES”. Also, using this phrase after pretending that you are going to accept it will be more effective. For example, when the most popular girl in class tells you that she can go out with you and she thinks you will say YES as you look desperate, you can say; 本当に付き合ってくれるの?…だが断る。(Can you really go out with me? … But I refuse). Or when a rich person offers to lend you some money because you have no money and you can’t even buy food, you can say; 本当にお金を貸してくれるの?…だが断る。(Can you really lend me money? … But I refuse).

Rohan Kishibe’s Quote

But I refuse.

だが (but, however)

My goal is to lose 5kg (weight). But it is not that easy.
My sister looks scary. But she is actually a very nice person.
I don’t believe in ghosts. But I am scared of haunted houses.

Dictionary-Form to Express One’s Strong Decision and Declaration

I will become the King of Pirates!
After I graduate from high school, I will definitely go to university!
I’ve decided. I will quit smoking tomorrow!

NOTE

With nai-form, you can express your strong decision not to do something.

I will never drink alcohol again!
Romaji Hide|Add all to ▼

Vocabulary

kotowaru
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to refuse
mokuhyou
noun
  1. objective
genryou
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. loss in quantity
kantan
na adjective, noun
  1. simple
mitame
noun
  1. appearance
kowai
i adjective
  1. scary; frightening
hontou
na adjective, noun
  1. truth; reality
yasashii
i adjective
  1. kind; gentle
yuurei
noun
  1. ghost
shinjiru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to believe
obakeyashiki
noun
  1. haunted house
kaizokuou
noun
  1. pirate king
ore
pronoun, no adjective
  1. I
koukou
noun
  1. senior high school
sotsugyou
noun, suru verb, no adjective
  1. graduation
zettai
adverb
  1. absolutely
daigaku
noun
  1. post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc.
iku
godan verb (iku/yuku), intransitive verb
  1. to go
kimeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to decide
ashita
noun (temporal)
  1. tomorrow
kara
particle
  1. from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity)
tabako
noun
  1. tobacco; cigarettes
yameru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to quit
nidoto
adverb
  1. never again (with negative verb)
osake
noun
  1. alcohol; sake
nomu
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to drink
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Kanji

Stroke Count
2 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. two, two radical (no.2)
Readings
Kun'yomi: ふた、ふた.つ、ふたた.び。
On'yomi: ニ、ジ。
Stroke Count
2 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. person
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひと、-と、-り。
On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. large, big
Readings
Kun'yomi: おお、おお.きい、おお.いに、もと、まさる、ひろし、はじめ、とも、たかし、おう、わ、うふ、-おお.いに、おお-。
On'yomi: ダイ、ダ、タイ、タ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. day, sun, Japan, counter for days
Readings
Kun'yomi: -か、-び、ひ。
On'yomi: ジツ、ニチ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. king, rule, magnate
Readings
Kun'yomi: おおきみ。
On'yomi: オウ、-ノウ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Readings
Kun'yomi: もと。
On'yomi: ホン。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. eye, class, look, insight, experience, care, favor
Readings
Kun'yomi: -め、め、ま-。
On'yomi: ボク、モク。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. see, hopes, chances, idea, opinion, look at, visible
Readings
Kun'yomi: み.る、み.える、み.せる。
On'yomi: ケン、ゲン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. study, learning, science
Readings
Kun'yomi: まな.ぶ、まな、まなぶ。
On'yomi: ガク。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exam, school, printing, proof, correction
Readings
Kun'yomi: かせ。
On'yomi: ギョウ、キョウ、コウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. hit, right, appropriate, himself
Readings
Kun'yomi: あ.たる、あ.てる、あ.たり、まさ.に、まさ.に・・・すべし、たい、あ.て、まさ.にべし。
On'yomi: トウ、トウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. going, journey
Readings
Kun'yomi: い.く、ゆ.く、おこな.う、おこな.い、C、-い.き、-ゆ.き、-いき、-ゆき、おこ.なう。
On'yomi: C、A、ゴウ、コウ、アン、ヒン、A、ギョウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. elder sister
Readings
Kun'yomi: あね、はは、姉(ねえ)さん。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. bright, light
Readings
Kun'yomi: あか.るい、あき.らか、あ.ける、あけ、-あ.け、あ.く、あ.かす、あ.かり、あ.くる、あか.らむ、あか.るむ。
On'yomi: ミョウ、メイ、ミン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sea, ocean
Readings
Kun'yomi: うみ。
On'yomi: ハイ、カイ、唐音。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tall, high, expensive
Readings
Kun'yomi: たか、たか.い、-だか、たか.まる、たか.める。
On'yomi: コウ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Readings
Kun'yomi: ば.ける、け.する、ば.かす、ふ.ける。
On'yomi: ケ、カ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. vis-a-vis, opposite, even, equal, versus, anti-, compare
Readings
Kun'yomi: あいて、こた.える、そろ.い、つれあ.い、なら.ぶ、むか.う、つし。
On'yomi: タイ、ツイ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. decide, fix, agree upon, appoint
Readings
Kun'yomi: き.める、き.まる、ぎ.め、さ.く、さだ.める、-ぎ.め。
On'yomi: ケチ、ケツ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. roof, house, shop, dealer, seller
Readings
Kun'yomi: や、た。
On'yomi: オク。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. degrees, occurrence, time, counter for occurrences
Readings
Kun'yomi: -た.い、たび。
On'yomi: ト、ド、タク。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. sake, alcohol
Readings
Kun'yomi: さけ、さか-。
On'yomi: シュ、シュウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. drink, smoke, take
Readings
Kun'yomi: の.む、の.み、-の.み。
On'yomi: オン、イン。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. business, vocation, arts, performance
Readings
Kun'yomi: わざ、のぶ、なり。
On'yomi: ゴウ、ギョウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. graduate, soldier, private, die
Readings
Kun'yomi: お.える、お.わる、そっ.する、ついに、にわか。
On'yomi: シュチ、ソチ、シュツ、ソツ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. faith, truth, fidelity, trust
Readings
Kun'yomi: のぶ、まこと。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. simple, one, single, merely
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひとえ。
On'yomi: タン、ゼン、セン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. quantity, measure, weight, amount, consider, estimate, surmise
Readings
Kun'yomi: はか.る。
On'yomi: ロウ、リョウ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. resign, word, term, expression
Readings
Kun'yomi: や.める、いな.む。
On'yomi: ジ、シ。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. signpost, seal, mark, stamp, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir, target
Readings
Kun'yomi: しるべ、しるし、しべ。
On'yomi: ヒョウ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision, judgement, cutting
Readings
Kun'yomi: ことわ.る、た.つ、さだ.める。
On'yomi: ダン、タン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. dwindle, decrease, reduce, decline, curtail, get hungry
Readings
Kun'yomi: へ.る、へ.らす。
On'yomi: ケン、ゲン、カン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. discontinue, beyond, sever, cut off, abstain, interrupt, suppress
Readings
Kun'yomi: た.つ、た.える、た.やす。
On'yomi: ゼチ、ゼツ、セツ。
Stroke Count
17 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness
Readings
Kun'yomi: やさ.しい、すぐ.れる、まさ.る。
On'yomi: ウ、ユウ。
Stroke Count
18 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. simplicity, brevity
Readings
On'yomi: ケン、カン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. dreadful, be frightened, fearful
Readings
Kun'yomi: こわ.い、こわ.がる、お.じる、おそ.れる。
On'yomi: フ、ホ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. seclude, confine to a room, deep, profound, secluded, faint, dark, tranquil, calm
Readings
Kun'yomi: かす.か、くら.い、しろ.い、ふか.い。
On'yomi: ユウ、ヨウ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. burglar, rebel, traitor, robber
Readings
On'yomi: ゾク、ソク。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. spread, pave, sit, promulgate
Readings
Kun'yomi: し.く、し.き、にゅう、しき、じき、-し.き。
On'yomi: フ。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. spirits, soul
Readings
Kun'yomi: たま。
On'yomi: リョウ、レイ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. I, myself
Readings
Kun'yomi: おれ、われ。
On'yomi: エン。

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