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Learn Japanese With Anime I, Giorno Giovanna, Have A Dream

9 Sentences|27 Words|24 Kanji Video Lessons »

Learn Japanese With Anime I, Giorno Giovanna, Have A Dream

In this video we’re going to analyse Giorno Giovanna’s quote from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (Jojo no Kimyou na Bouken).

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Analysis

The grammar is 「A には B がある」 meaning “A has B”.

The A is このジョルノ・ジョバァーナ. この means “this” which is used to modify the following word, such as このペン meaning “this pen“, この人 meaning “this person” so このジョルノ・ジョバァーナ literally means “this Giorno Giovanna”. But when この modifies the speaker’s name or the first person pronoun such as 私, 俺, or 僕, it emphasizes that the speaker is the one which is referred to or makes it explicit. So このジョルノ・ジョバァーナ can be translated as “I, Giorno Giovanna”.

And the B is 夢 meaning “dream”, so このジョルノ・ジョバァーナには夢がある means “I, Giorno Giovanna, have a dream”.

This grammar is used for possession of something abstract or intangible which the A can naturally or instinctively have such as a dream, talent, feature, ability, and so on.

In other words, you don’t usually use this grammar for possession of something tangible that you can volitionally have such as a pen, bag, car and so on. Instead, for tangible things, you can use the grammar “A は B を持っている”. For example, 私はペンを持っている meaning “I have a pen” , 私はカバンを持っている meaning “I have a bag”.

The grammar “A は B を持っている” can also be used for intangible things, but it sounds more volitional rather than instinctive. Intangible things like a dream, talent or ability are usually things that you instinctively have so A には B がある sounds more natural.

Sentences

Giorno Giovanna’s Quote

I, Giorno Giovanna, have a dream.

この + First Person Pronoun (used for emphasis/explicitness)

It is impossible that “I” would lose!
Please leave it to ME.
Did “I” really win…?

A には B がある (A has B)

This jacket is waterproof (This jacket has a waterproofing feature).
He has a strong belief.
I have the right to refuse it.

NOTE

  • “A B がある” can also be used but “A には B がある” is more common.
  • When the B is an animate thing such as a person, animal and so on, you use いる instead of ある.
Mr. Yamada has five children.
  • A には B がある can also express existence or location. In this case, the B can be a tangible object.
There are many playgrounds here.

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
asobiba
noun
  1. playground
omakase
expression
  1. I'll leave it to you
ore
pronoun, no adjective
  1. I; me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
ka
particle
  1. indicates question (sentence end)
  2. indicates choice, doubt, etc.
katsu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to win
kudasai
  • (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
  • kenri
    noun
    1. right; privilege
    kodomo
    noun
    1. child; children
    kotowaru
    godan verb, transitive verb
    1. to refuse; to reject
    kono
    pre-noun adjectival
    1. this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
    shinnen
    noun, suru verb, no adjective
    1. belief; faith
    sore
    noun
    1. that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind)
    nin
    counter
    1. counter for people
    bousuisei
    noun, no adjective
    1. waterproof

    Kanji

    Display Default|Add to ▼
    Stroke Count
    10 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. I, myself
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: おれ、われ。
    On'yomi: エン。
    Stroke Count
    2 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. person
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: ひと、-と、-り。
    On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
    Stroke Count
    3 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: こ、ね、-こ。
    On'yomi: ス、シ、ツ。
    Stroke Count
    4 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. water
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: みず、みづ、み、みず-。
    On'yomi: スイ。
    Stroke Count
    5 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: もと。
    On'yomi: ホン。
    Stroke Count
    7 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. private, I, me
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: わたくし、わたし、わたくし.する、わし、ひそ.か。
    On'yomi: シ。
    Stroke Count
    11 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. strong
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: つよ.い、つよ.まる、つよ.める、し.いる、こわ.い、すね、したた.か、あなが.ち、しい.て。
    On'yomi: ゴウ、キョウ、ガン。
    Stroke Count
    12 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. location, place
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: ば。
    On'yomi: ジョウ、チョウ。
    Stroke Count
    6 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. responsibility, duty, term, entrust to, appoint
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: まか.せる、まか.す、た.える、とう、ひで、さ。
    On'yomi: ニン、ジン。
    Stroke Count
    6 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. hit, right, appropriate, himself
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: あ.たる、あ.てる、あ.たり、まさ.に、まさ.に・・・すべし、たい、あ.て、まさ.にべし。
    On'yomi: トウ、トウ。
    Stroke Count
    7 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. profit, advantage, benefit
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: き.く、と、とし、のり、み、りい、かが。
    On'yomi: リ。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. submit, offer, present, serve (meal), accompany
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: とも、そな.える、ども、-ども。
    On'yomi: グ、ク、キョウ、クウ。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. he, that, the
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: か、かれ、か.の、かの。
    On'yomi: ヒ。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. wish, sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, attention
    Readings
    On'yomi: ネン、デン。
    Stroke Count
    8 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. sex, gender, nature
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: さが。
    On'yomi: ショウ、セイ。
    Stroke Count
    9 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. faith, truth, fidelity, trust
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: のぶ、まこと。
    On'yomi: シン。
    Stroke Count
    9 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: ま.ける、ま.かす、お.う、そむ.く。
    On'yomi: フ、ブ、フウ。
    Stroke Count
    11 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision, judgement, cutting
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: ことわ.る、た.つ、さだ.める。
    On'yomi: ダン、タン。
    Stroke Count
    12 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. victory, win, prevail, excel
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: か.つ、まさ.る、-が.ち、かつ、すぐ.れる。
    On'yomi: ショウ。
    Stroke Count
    12 Strokes
    English Meaning
    1. play
    Readings
    Kun'yomi: あそ.ぶ、あそ.ばす、う、あす。
    On'yomi: ユ、ユウ。

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