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Learn Japanese with Anime - Rage, My Soldiers!

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Learn Japanese with Anime - Rage, My Soldiers!

In this video we’re going to analyse Erwin's quote from Attack on Titan (進撃の巨人, Shingeki no Kyojin).

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Analysis

兵士よ

兵士 means “soldier”.

The particle よ following a noun is used when calling one’s name in a dramatic way. It’s a literary expression which is often used in songs, poems, prayers or classical stories so you hardly hear it in daily conversation.

In this scene he’s also trying to encourage everyone by addressing them as soldiers.

怒れ 叫べ 戦え

These are all the verbs in imperative form, used for giving strong commands.

怒(いか)れ is the imperative form of 怒(いか)る meaning “to rage”.

叫べ is the imperative form of 叫ぶ meaning “to shout”.

戦え is the imperative form of 戦う meaning “to fight”.

Japanese verbs are divided into three groups and all these verbs belong to Group 1.

Group 1 Verbs

The dictionary form of Group 1 verbs end with the vowel “u”. To make the imperative form, simply change the last vowel “u” to the vowel “e”.

 Dictionary form

  • 話す (hanasu) – “to speak”
  • 聞く (kiku) – “to listen”
  • 書く (kaku) – “to write”
  • 読む (yomu) – “to read”
  • 待つ (matsu) – “to wait”

Imperative form

  • 話せ (hanase)
  • 聞け (kike)
  • 書け (kake)
  • 読め (yome)
  • 待て (mate)

Group 2 Verbs

The dictionary form of Group 2 verbs end with “eru” or “iru”. To make the imperative form, change the last vowel “u” to the vowel “o”. 

 Dictionary form

  • 開ける (akeru) – “to open”
  • 出る (deru) – “to exit”
  • 寝る(neru) – “to sleep”
  • 着る (kiru) – “to wear”
  • 信じる (shinjiru) – “to believe”

Imperative form

  • 開けろ (akero)
  • 出ろ (dero)
  • 寝ろ (nero)
  • 着ろ (kiro)
  • 信じろ (shinjiro)

Group 3 Verbs

There are only two verbs in Group 3. Their verb forms are irregular so you just have to remember each of them.

Dictionary form

  • 来る (kuru) – “to come”
  • する (suru) – “to do”

Imperative form

  • 来い (koi)
  • しろ (shiro)

Sentences

Erwin’s Quote

My soldiers, rage! My soldiers, shout! My soldiers, fight!

Noun + よ (used to call one’s name in a dramatic way)

Oh, my confidant! I was waiting for you.
Our Lord, please forgive us our sins.
Boys, be ambitious.

Verb Imperative Form

  • Group 1 (the last vowel: “u” → “e”)
Take this medicine.
Walk straight forward.
Stop there.
  • Group 2 (the last vowel: “u” → “o”)
Eat quickly.
Hey, wake up!
Look at me.
  • Group 3 (irregular)
Come here.
Shut up and study.

NOTE

Difference between いかる & おこる (both written as 怒る)

いかる (to rage)

  • literary expression
  • the noun form (怒いかり) is often used
  • extreme expression of anger
  • uncontrollable anger

おこる (to get angry)

  • colloquial expression
  • only the verb form is used
  • controllable anger

 

いかった/おこった

I was furious like a raging flame.

いかりおこり

Jeez, I can’t let go of my anger!

おこる/いかる

My mother gets angry easily.

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
aruku
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to walk
ikari
noun
  1. anger; rage; wrath
idaku
godan verb, transitive verb
  1. to embrace
iru
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to have been ...-ing (after the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state)
uchi
noun, adverb
  1. in the course of
noun, no adjective
  1. we
okaasan
noun
  1. mother
okiru
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to wake up
okoru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to get angry; to get mad
osamaru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to get better
ore
pronoun
  1. me (rough or arrogant)
kudasai
expression
  1. please (do for me) (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-)
kuru
kuru verb, intransitive verb
  1. to come (spatially or temporally)
kokoro
noun
  1. mind; heart
kocchi
pronoun
  1. here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is)
gotoku
adverb
  1. like; the same as
sakebu
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to shout
shounen
noun
  1. boy

Kanji

Display Default|Add to ▼
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. I, myself
Readings
Kun'yomi: おれ、われ。
On'yomi: エン。
Stroke Count
3 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. large, big
Readings
Kun'yomi: おお、おお.きい、おお.いに、もと、まさる、ひろし、はじめ、とも、たかし、おう、わ、うふ、-おお.いに、おお-。
On'yomi: ダイ、ダ、タイ、タ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. friend
Readings
Kun'yomi: とも、う、ど、すけ、ゆ、ゆう。
On'yomi: ユウ、ウ、イウ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. fire
Readings
Kun'yomi: -び、ひ、ほ-。
On'yomi: カ。
Stroke Count
5 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. mama, mother
Readings
Kun'yomi: はは、も。
On'yomi: ボ、ム、モ、ボウ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. year, counter for years
Readings
Kun'yomi: とし、ね。
On'yomi: ネン、デン。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. come, due, next, cause, become
Readings
Kun'yomi: く.る、き、こ、き.たす、き.たる、きた.す、きた.る。
On'yomi: ライ、タイ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. see, hopes, chances, idea, opinion, look at, visible
Readings
Kun'yomi: み.る、み.える、み.せる。
On'yomi: ケン、ゲン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. eat, food
Readings
Kun'yomi: た.べる、く.う、く.らう、は.む、やしな.う。
On'yomi: イ、ジキ、ジ、ショク、シ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. few, little
Readings
Kun'yomi: すく.ない、すこ.し。
On'yomi: ショウ。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. heart, mind, spirit, heart radical (no. 61)
Readings
Kun'yomi: こころ、-ごころ。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
4 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. stop, halt
Readings
Kun'yomi: と.まる、と.める、とど.まる、とど.める、や.める、や.む、よ.す、-さ.し、-さ.す、-ど.め、-や.む、-と.める、-ど.まり、とど.め。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
6 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. early, fast
Readings
Kun'yomi: はや.い、はや.まる、はや.める、そ、さわ、さか、さ-、はや、はや-。
On'yomi: サッ、ソウ。
Stroke Count
7 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. private, I, me
Readings
Kun'yomi: わたくし、わたし、わたくし.する、わし、ひそ.か。
On'yomi: シ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. walk, counter for steps
Readings
Kun'yomi: ある.く、あゆ.む。
On'yomi: フ、ブ、ホ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. wait, depend on
Readings
Kun'yomi: ま.つ、ま.ち、まつ、まち、-ま.ち。
On'yomi: ダイ、タイ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exertion
Readings
Kun'yomi: つと.める、はげ.ます、やつ、ひこ。
On'yomi: メン、ベン。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. true, reality, Buddhist sect
Readings
Kun'yomi: ま、まこと、ま-。
On'yomi: しん、シン。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. rouse, wake up, get up
Readings
Kun'yomi: お.きる、お.こす、お.こる、おこ.す、た.つ。
On'yomi: コ、キ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. strong
Readings
Kun'yomi: つよ.い、つよ.まる、つよ.める、し.いる、こわ.い、すね、したた.か、あなが.ち、しい.て。
On'yomi: ゴウ、キョウ、ガン。

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