てめぇ means “you” in a very rude way.
の 全て following a noun means “all of” or “everything about something”.
So てめぇの全て means “all of you”.
を is the particle which marks the direct object of the following verb.
壊して is the te-form of 壊す meaning “to break” or “destroy something”. This te-form is used to mean “and”.
So てめぇの全てを壊して means “destroy all of you and” or “completely destroy you and”.
俺 means “I” used by men in a manly way.
が is the particle which emphasises the subject 俺. It can be は which emphasises the following verb 勝つ meaning “win” but Yusuke used が to imply “it is ME who will win, not you”.