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Learn Japanese With Anime - Oh? You’re Approaching Me?

15 Sentences|61 Words|53 Kanji Video Lessons »

Learn Japanese With Anime - Oh? You’re Approaching Me?

In this video we’re going to analyse Dio Brando’s quote from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (Jojo no Kimyou na Bouken).

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Analysis

ほう…向かってくるのか

ほう (interjection) means “oh” or “wow”, used towards inferiors to show the speaker is amazed or impressed. ほほう can also be used to show a bigger wow.

A verb te-form combined with くる (to come) is used to express the action moving towards the speaker. 向かって is the te-form of 向かう meaning “to head“ so 向かってくる means “to head towards me” or “approach me”.

のか (particles) marked by falling intonation is used to show surprise at what you see or hear. In this case, he sees Jotaro walking towards him, which surprised him.

So ほう…向かってくるのか means “Oh? You’re approaching me?”

逃げずにこのディオに近づいてくるのか

A stem of the verb nai-form followed by ずに means “without or instead of doing something”. 逃げない is the nai-form of 逃げる meaning “to run away” so 逃げずに means “instead of running away”

この (this) followed by the speaker’s name (Dio) or first person pronouns emphasises that the speaker is the one which is referred to. It’s often used by someone who is very confident and assertive.

に is the direction particle meaning “to or towards”.

近づいて is the te-form of 近づく meaning “to get close”, so 近づいてくる means “to come close to me” as くる expresses the action moving towards the speaker.

のか is, again, used to show surprise at what you see or hear.

So 逃げずにこのディオに近づいてくるのか directly means “Instead of running away, you’re coming close to this Dio?” which can be translated as “Instead of running away, you’re coming right to me?”

Verb Te-Form + くる/いく

Verb te-form followed by くる is used when the action is moving towards the speaker. In this scene, from Dio’s point of view, Jotaro is coming towards him so he says 向かってくる.

Then what if you are standing by Jotaro’s side, looking at him walking towards Dio?

From your point of view, the action is moving away from you. So you can say 承太郎がディオに向かって “いく” (to go) meaning “Jotaro is heading towards Dio (and going away from me)”.

So depending on the speaker’s point of view, either くる or いく is used after the verb te-form even though the direction of the action is the same.

Sentences

Dio Brando’s Quote

Oh? You’re approaching me? Instead of running away, you’re coming right to me?

Verb Te-Form + くる (action moving towards the speaker)

A dog is chasing me!
When I opened the curtains, lights came into the room.
Suddenly, a bird flew towards me, which surprised me.

Verb Te-Form + いく (action moving away from the speaker)

He went out of the room quietly.
The traveller left like the wind.
Hordes of crows are flying towards the sunset sky.

のか (used to show surprise at what you see or hear)

You can speak Spanish as well? Awesome!
You have turned 20 already? I can’t believe it!
The party only just started before but you’re already leaving? That’s a shame!

Nai-Form Stem + ずに (without/instead of …ing)

t’s not very nice to go home without saying anything.
If you are sick, please rest instead of pushing yourself.
It rained all day so I played games at home instead of going out.

NOTE

Exception: する (to do) becomes せずに (without doing) even though the nai-form is しない.

My brother is sleeping most of the time instead of studying.

Verb Nai-Form + で can also be used, which sounds more casual than 〜ずに.

My brother is sleeping most of the time instead of studying.

Vocabulary

Romaji Hide|Display Default|Add to ▼
akeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to open (a door, etc.)
ichinichijuu
noun
  1. throughout the day
inu
noun
  1. dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris)
uchi
noun, no adjective
  1. home (one's own)
oikakeru
ichidan verb, transitive verb
  1. to chase; to run after
kaeru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to return; to come home; to go home
kyuuni
adverb
  1. suddenly
kudasai
expression
  1. (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
kuru
kuru verb, intransitive verb, auxiliary verb
  1. to come (spatially or temporally)
kono
pre-noun adjectival
  1. this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
saru
godan verb, intransitive verb
  1. to leave; to go away
zannen
na adjective, noun
  1. disappointment

Kanji

Display Default|Add to ▼
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. year-end, age, occasion, opportunity
Readings
Kun'yomi: とし、とせ、よわい。
On'yomi: サイ、セイ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. lie down, sleep, rest, bed, remain unsold
Readings
Kun'yomi: ね.る、ね.かす、い.ぬ、みたまや、や.める。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. escape, flee, shirk, evade, set free
Readings
Kun'yomi: に.げる、に.がす、のが.す、のが.れる。
On'yomi: ドウ、トウ。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. he, that, the
Readings
Kun'yomi: か、かれ、か.の、かの。
On'yomi: ヒ。
Stroke Count
13 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. flock, group, crowd, herd, swarm, cluster
Readings
Kun'yomi: むら、む.れ、む.れる、こおり、ぐ、ごうり、むら.がる、ぐり。
On'yomi: グン、クン。
Stroke Count
14 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. quiet
Readings
Kun'yomi: しず、しず.か、しず.まる、しず.める、しづ、しず-。
On'yomi: ジョウ、セイ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. bake, burning
Readings
Kun'yomi: や.く、や.ける、や.き、やき、やい、-や.き、や.き-。
On'yomi: ショウ。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. nothingness, none, ain't, nothing, nil, not
Readings
Kun'yomi: な.い。
On'yomi: ム、ブ、モ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. remainder, leftover, balance
Readings
Kun'yomi: のこ.る、のこ.す、そこな.う、のこ.り。
On'yomi: ザン、サン。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. fly, skip (pages), scatter
Readings
Kun'yomi: と.ぶ、と.ばす、-と.ばす。
On'yomi: ヒ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. faith, truth, fidelity, trust
Readings
Kun'yomi: のぶ、まこと。
On'yomi: シン。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. wish, sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, attention
Readings
On'yomi: ネン、デン。
Stroke Count
15 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. tune, tone, meter, key (music), writing style, prepare, exorcise, investigate
Readings
Kun'yomi: ととの.う、ととの.える、しら.べる、しら.べ。
On'yomi: ジョウ、チョウ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. bad, vice, rascal, false, evil, wrong
Readings
Kun'yomi: わる.い、にく.む、いずく.にか、いずく.んぞ、-にく.い、あ.し、ああ、わる-、にく.い、いずくに、いずくんぞ。
On'yomi: アク、アク、オ。
Stroke Count
10 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. exertion
Readings
Kun'yomi: つと.める、はげ.ます、やつ、ひこ。
On'yomi: メン、ベン。
Stroke Count
12 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. open, unfold, unseal
Readings
Kun'yomi: ひら.く、ひら.ける、ひら.き、あ.く、あけ.る、あ.き、-びら.き、あ.ける。
On'yomi: カイ、ケ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. chase, drive away, follow, pursue, meanwhile
Readings
Kun'yomi: お.う、おい。
On'yomi: ツイ。
Stroke Count
11 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. section, bureau, dept, class, copy, part, portion, counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
Readings
Kun'yomi: へ、べ、-べ。
On'yomi: フ、ブ、ホ。
Stroke Count
9 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. roof, house, shop, dealer, seller
Readings
Kun'yomi: や、た。
On'yomi: オク。
Stroke Count
8 Strokes
English Meaning
  1. commence, begin
Readings
Kun'yomi: はじ.める、-はじ.める、はじ.まる。
On'yomi: シ。

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